ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • Life Sciences»
  • Entomology»
  • Insects & Bugs

The Monarch butterfly and other Tenerife butterflies found in the Canary Islands

Updated on January 6, 2013

The Monarch Butterfly

On Tenerife and some of the other Canary Islands the butterfly you are most likely to notice is the Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus). It is a large butterfly with orange-red wings veined with black and is a magnificent sight to behold as it flies gracefully over gardens and parks.

The caterpillar of the Monarch Butterfly is a colourful insect just like the adults. It is striped with the bold warning colours of black and yellow and creamy white.This is to tell would.be predators that is nasty-tasting and poisonous.

The Monarch caterpillar can only feed on species of Milkweed, which on Tenerife is usually the Scarlet Milkweed (Asclepias curassavica) that is often grown in gardens and in flower borders. This means that the distribution of the Monarch Butterfly is entirely dependent on whether this plant is being cultivated or not.

Canary Blue

Canary Blues
Canary Blues

Blue butterflies of Tenerife

Tenerife has several types of blue butterfly and the commonly seen African Grass Blue (Zizeeria knysna) is a creature that has successfully exploited human developments. This little insect can often be seen flitting around flower beds and over lawns in the towns, cities and resorts of the island.

Los Cristianos in the south, for example, and also Puerto de la Cruz in the north, are two places this butterfly does well. The African Grass Blue's caterpillars feed on clover that grows in the lawns and when they are not too closely cropped the flowers provide nectar for the adults too.

Up on Mt Teide, right by the tourist centre, the Canary Blue (Cyclyrius webbianus) can often be seen in spring when the white-flowered broom and other wild flowers are all blossoming. This species rarely stops for long as it flies about but sometimes it will land on people attracted by the salty sweat on their skin.

Tenerife butterflies

Bard of Ely with a Monarch on his head
Bard of Ely with a Monarch on his head
Monarch butterflies
Monarch butterflies

Small White butterfly

Small White on Lantana flower
Small White on Lantana flower

Other butterflies of Tenerife

Tenerife and some of the other Canary Islands have their own Canary Red Admiral (Vanessa vulcania), as well as its very similar cousin the Red Admiral (V. atlanta), which we often see in gardens in the UK.

Both species have caterpillars that feed on Nettles, and so they are more likely to be encountered in the cooler mountainous areas of Tenerife where the food plants can be found.

The Canary Brimstone or Cleopatra (Gonepteryx cleobule) is very similar to the British variety of Brimstone butterfly as well with its yellow wings. This beautiful insect lives mainly in the “laurisilva” evergreen forest of Tenerife where its foodplant the Buckthorn grows.

The Small Copper (Lycaena phlaeas) is a little butterfly that can be found in the UK too as well as on the island of Tenerife. This dainty butterfly's caterpillar can feed on Sorrel (Rumex species), of which there are more than one type found here.The Canary Island Speckled Wood (Pararge xiphioides), is yet another butterfly that closely resembles it British counterpart, and like it, this insect prefers shadier and cooler parts where its capterpillar feeds on various grasses.

The Painted Lady (Cynthia cardui) often migrates to the UK and European countries from North Africa. It is often seen in Tenerife where it has a choice of plants on which to lay its eggs including various species of thistles.

The large African Migrant (Catopsilia florella) was able to colonise Tenerife because two species of Senna (Cassia didymobotrya and C. spectabilis), which its caterpillars eat are often grown as ornamentals in gardens and parks of the island.

The African Migrant is large and flies rapidly over gardens and flower borders. Its females have pale yellow or creamy white wings, and the males are plain yellow.

Speaking of yellow butterflies, the Clouded Yellow (Colias croceus) can be seen on Tenerife. It is related to the white butterflies and its caterpillar feeds on various species of Vetch, Clover and Trefoil.

The Small White (Pieris rapae), well-known as a pest in British gardens, has caterpillars that eat plants from the cabbage family such as cauliflower. It is regarded as a pest on Tenerife too. It's larvae also will feed on Nasturtiums that often grow wild on the island as well as being grown as a garden flower.

The Bath White (Pontia daplidice) is very often seen on Tenerife, especially in spring, but in the UK it is a very rare migrant butterfly.

The Pandora or Cardinal Butterfly (Argynnis pandora) is a type of Fritillary butterfly. It can be seen in clearings and along pathways in the laurel forests, especially in the north of the island. Its caterpillar feeds on species of Pansy and Violet (Viola).

From this short article looking at the butterfly species found on Tenerife, and this was just a selection, it can be seen that their distribution and success is mainly down to the availability of the food plants they need. If anyone reading this wants to help butterfly conservation please consider growing plants that will benefit these beautiful insects.

Copyright © 2012 Steve Andrews. All Rights Reserved.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Tenerife Islander profile image
      Author

      Steve Andrews 7 years ago from Tenerife

      The problem is that Lanzarote and Fuerteventura are the very hot and dry islands so not much vegetation for butterflies. On the greener islands there are Speckled Woods, Meadow Browns, the Pandora, the Cleopatra, Red Admirals, the African Migrant, the African Monarch, the Monarch and a Skipper species. The Monarch and African Migrants are not endemic though and have colonised because the food plants are grown here - Milkweed and Senna respectively. The most common butterflies on Tenerife are Cabbage Whites, Painted Ladies,Speckled Woods and the African Grass Blue. There's not a lot of moths either, although a good selection of hawk moth species.

    • profile image

      NickMorgan 7 years ago

      Thanks very much for that information. Doesn't sound like there will be much to look out for. My wife has just booked us two week's holiday there for next year.

      We have just come back from a great holiday in Menorca where I saw thousands of butterflies - only 20 species, but an incredible density.

    • Tenerife Islander profile image
      Author

      Steve Andrews 7 years ago from Tenerife

      Thanks, Nick! There are not as many species on Lanzarote because there is a lot less vegetation. I don't think there are any books or websites that will tell you what is only on Lanzarote. Looking at my best book on wildlife in the islands I can tell you there are two species of blues, the Small Copper, the Painted Lady, the Clouded Yellow, Bath White, Small White, and a yellow butterfly known in Spanish as Puntaparda (Elphinstonia charlonia)and that is it!

    • profile image

      NickMorgan 7 years ago

      Great sit, with lots of useful information. Do you know where I will find out any information about butterflies in Lanzarote?

      Thanks

    • Tenerife Islander profile image
      Author

      Steve Andrews 8 years ago from Tenerife

      Yes, my moustache was really green then! No, Monarchs do not migrate here because they don't need to. This means they live shorter lives though because the migratory ones get the additional winter months added to their lifespans.

    • Ms Chievous profile image

      Tina 8 years ago from Wv

      Does the Monarch migrate through your island? Just curious...AND is the Bard of Ely's mustache really green in this pic or is my monitor going bad?

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)