The Number of Countries in the World
Here's a question everyone seems to need to know the answer to at one point or another. Whether for research, work, study or just to know in case of it coming up at the pub quiz! The short, and most excepted answer is 195.
The Common Incorrect Answer - 193
Whilst searching for your answer, you may find some confusion, finding the answer to be 193. As there are 193 members of the untied nations, this is often thought as the number of countries in the world. Although this number represents almost all the countries in the world, it doesn't include the countries that remain independent, such as Vatican City and the State of Palestine.
Taiwan & China
Taiwan is a 'country' that has the requirements to be an independent country, however due to political reasons, it is not recognised as so. Taiwan was a member of the Untied Nations until 1971, when mainland China replaced it. Taiwan continues to press for full recognition by all countries but China claims it is simply a province of China.
The 195 countries are spread as across all seven continents...
- 54 in Africa
- 48 in Asia
- 44 in Europe
- 33 in Latin America and The Caribbean
- 14 in Oceania
- 2 in Northern America
Continents of The World
Fact of the Matter
So with all these facts, it seems that fairly the best current answer (2016) you can get to the question 'How many countries are there in the world?' is, 195.
Here, I have divided the countries into the eight geographic regions of the world;
2. Middle East, North Africa, Greater arabia
4. North America
5. Central America & the Caribbean
6. South America
7. Sub-Saharan Africa
8. Australia & Oceania.
Asia is the Earth's largest continent and covers up approximately 30% of Earth's land surface which equals 8.7% of Earth's total surface area. Asia doesn't just cover a large portion of the Earth though, it also houses a wealth of plant and animal life - notably humans. Asia contains a staggering 4.5 billion people which is equivalent to 60% of the Earth's population (at time of writing, 2017). In addition to those inhabitants, Asia receives nearly 500 million visitors made up of tourists and business travelers.
See below the 27 Countries that make up Asia:
10. North Korea
11. South Korea
21. Sri Lanka
Middle East & North Africa
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) houses approximately 6% of the worlds population with an estimated 381 million inhabitants. MENA as it is often referred, as an acronym is not a precise classification as different organisations define the region as being made of different territories.
Below is a list of the most commonly accepted with academia:
44. Saudi Arabia
49. United Arab Emirates
Europe covers just 2% of the Earth's land surface, equal to 6.8% of Earth's total surface area. In that 2% there are around 741 million inhabitants who speak an academically recognised 23 languages and constitute approximately 11% of the population of Earth.
See below the countries that make up Europe:
57. Bosnia and Herzegovina
61. Czech Republic
89. San Marino
97. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
98. Vatican City
North America covers around 16.5% of the Earth's land area or 4.8% of the total surface. It technically contains just 4 countries however is packed with an estimated 565 million residents; 7.5% of the world's population. The USA houses more than half of the nations citizens, around 312 million.
Listed below are the countries within North America.
102. United States of America
Central America and the Caribbean
The population of Central America is around 45 million, based on last estimates established by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in 2015. Those inhabitants share 0.1025% of the Earth's land and speak typically one of four languages as their mother tongue; Spanish, English, Brazilian Portuguese and French.
The Caribbean covers 92,541 square miles which is surprisingly just 0.047% of the Earth's land surface. Nearly 44 million people live and work in the Caribbean. The region itself compromises of more than 700 islands, islets, reefs and cays,
Listed below are the countries contained in Central America and the Caribbean:
103. Antigua and Barbuda
104. The Bahamas
107. Costa Rica
110. Dominican Republic
111. El Salvador
119. Saint Kitts and Nevis
120. Saint Lucia
121. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
122. Trinidad and Tobago
South America covers a colossal 17,840,000 square kilometres, equal to 9.06% of the Earth's surface. Containing almost 208 million people, Brazil holds over half the continent's population, followed closest by Colombia housing 49 million. The majority language spoken in South America is Portuguese, with slightly fewer people who speak Spanish.
Listed below are the countries included:
Sub-Saharan Africa is exactly what you might think. It is the part of Africa that lies south of the Sahara desert. It covers nearly 7.5% of the worlds surface at 14,675,483 square kilometers. The three major languages of Sub-Saharan Africa are Swahili, Lingala, and Zulu.
Listed below are the countries included:
138. Burkina Faso
141. Cape Verde
142. Central African Republic
145. Republic of the Congo
146. Democratic Republic of the Congo
147. Cote d'Ivoire
149. Equatorial Guinea
153. The Gambia
170. Sao Tome and Principe
173. Sierra Leone
174. South Africa
175. South Sudan
Australia and Oceania is a continent made up of thousands of islands dotted throughout the South Pacific Ocean. With a square footage of 8,525,989km, Australia and Oceania has a population density of 8 people in each square foot. A massive 20% of the continent is classified as desert. The remaining 80% is made up of tropical rain forests, hills and grasslands. The remaining space after you count them in is shared by an approximate 36.25 million people.
Listed below are the countries within Australia and Oceania:
184. East Timor
187. Marshall Islands
188. Federated States of Micronesia
190. New Zealand
192. Papua New Guinea
194. Solomon Islands
Below are the flags of the world's countries, in no particular order.