The Philosophy Of Right Or Wrong
What is Right?
Many philosophers and religious leaders born and gave their ideas to the world. As a result, more than 4000 religions do exist today. Each religion has its divisions and each division has its own subcategories. Followers of one group often bound to their mother beliefs, due to an influence of their surroundings. Therefore, the influence of mother philosophies seems, so capable of engulfing their believers.
This article will offer a tool to mark the clear distinction between right and wrong.
Confusion and Obscurity
For us, as a human being, as thinking and social animal, it is vital to grasp the meaning of life. Otherwise, we may ruin our life, if subordinated to wrong ideas.
People are attracted to various philosophies, for goodness or fear of unknown and form their beliefs from their mother philosophy. While, while few become agnostic those who analyse their mother philosophy with the science.
Mao in one of his philosophical essays inscribed, Where do correct ideas come from? Do they drop from the skies? No. Are they innate in the mind? No. They come from social practice, and from it alone; they come from three kinds of social practice, the struggle for production, the class struggle and scientific experiment.'
Thus, everyone needs to investigate the authenticity of their beliefs. Otherwise, no one is there to blame, if followed blindly.
Hence, I decided to categorize all ideologies into two divisions, which makes easier for readers to analyse. This will also allow them critiquing their existing belief. Although, this will not lead anyone towards any particular belief. Still, this will offer them a tool to explore their own path.
Importance of Logic
Application of formal logic and Science are important to solve a philosophical problem. Logic supported with reasoning plus enriched with experience are more reliable in any decision-making as compared to unconscious beliefs. In a situation where scientific laws are inadequate, logic is the only option to answer the hypothesis.
This is how, many theories developed on the basis of reasoning, where scientific laws were not invented. However, when facts arose progressing on such logical reasoning, theories have been accepted as laws of science.
Importance of Science
Modern science is mere 3 century old. In ancient time, in the absence of science, Philosophy was the only choice to answer the vague question. With time when scientific investigation made possible, it had replaced many beliefs developed by philosophers or religious leaders.
In history, such as in 3rd century BC, heliocentric ideas of Aristarchus that the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System were less attracted due to loss of scientific evidence. But after inventing of the scientific method by Galileo Galilei in the seventeenth century, his Heliocentric, the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System accepted despite Church opposition.
Similarly, in the beginning of the Nineteenth century, Charles Darwin's theory of evolution came with severe criticism, and now being studied everywhere as a part of science. His revolutionary idea that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors was highly critical.
The Reason of Philosophy
In the process of evolution, a human being has developed an ability of thinking and reasoning. The human being was seeking the answer for life meaning, human history, and nature. For him, the principle question was the starting-point of the investigation.
From where to start?
For him, this investigation must not be drawn from nature and human history as an abstract but must be applicable to them.
To deal with this, some thinkers offered their ideas. Ideas about what is the primary source and what is its outcomes, a secondary?
For example; what is primary and what is secondary? egg or chicken?
All were baffled between ideas and a real world, between concept and matter, thinking and being! This was a constant struggle to chose the source; what is the primary and what is the secondary? For them, the idea is primary source and matter is the secondary are Ideologists. On the contrary, for them, if the matter is a primary source and ideas emerge from matter are Materialists.
Decide Where Your View Point Falls
Idealism or Materialism
There are various viewpoints, yet it can mainly be divided in two; Idealism and Materialism. You can also divide all philosophers and put them in one of the categories. You can also be attracted from any of them.
We will suppose the question, and try to understand from two different perspectives to differentiate their viewpoints. The question is; How is reality known?
1. For materialism, Matter is the reality and mind are the product of matter. While for Idealism, mind or spirit is the reality, and the matter is the illusion.
2. For materialism, Thinking matter developed out of matter. While according to idealism everything else comes from Mind or spirit and depends on it.
3. For materialism, there is nothing behind matter including any supernatural power or God, While for idealism there is Mind or spirit, which may identical to divine or supernatural power or God.