ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Purpose of Educational Counseling in Higher Education - Part 2

Updated on May 6, 2015
Source

The challenge for the counseling profession is consequently to control for the variables that shape and define the social realities in which students’ lives are embedded and which may have a positive or negative impact on students’ psychological state, thereby on their academic performance (Suzuki, 2002).

In a similar vein, statistics show that 5% of college students drop out because of psychiatric disorders. Had they not been experiencing psychiatric disorders, 4.29 million people in the United States would have graduated from college. Thus, the “significant predictors of failure” were categorized under four types of disorders; these are Anxiety, Mood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Conduct Disorder (Kitzrow, 2013). Kitzrow mentions other variables influencing students’ retention. The author observes that students “who had left the university in poor academic standing reported difficulties with anxiety and sleep (a symptom often associated with depression and other mental health problems). Transition and adjustment difficulties, isolation, loneliness, and self-doubt; issues that can be addressed in a counseling setting, have also been identified as negative influences on retention” (p. 172).

According to Grassgreen (2014) anxiety surpassed depression and relationship issues among college students in 2011. Thus, 40 percent of students sought counseling help for anxiety, and 32 percent for the depression. In 2014, there was a rise of 46 percent of students who suffered from anxiety, and 39 percent sought treatment for depression.

The quantity and quality of challenges that counseling centers are faced with raises financial and human resources issues. For instance, a recent development of a series of actions for counseling at MIT resulted in budget increases ($838,000.00 at MIT) in order to recruit more staff, to conduct screening and outreach campaigns with the aim of helping troubled students to seek counseling, and provide counseling services that are more timely and more accessible.

Grasgreen (2014) reports that while a growing number of students who are seeking counseling help for anxiety continue to surge, counseling centers remain short-staffed. There is an average of one staff member for every 1,772 student on campus during the academic year. The author adds that the rise in demand is accompanied with tighter budgets. Therefore, 35 percent of the counseling centers directors stated that their budgets remained stagnant, and 53 percent reported the same about their operating budgets.

As regards strategic challenges, it was reported that the stigma attached to counseling prevents some student populations from seeking help. Consequently, 49 percent of directors maintained that black students remain underserved, 46 percent stated the same about Latino students and only 40 and 33 percent about Asian and Native American students. Part two will flesh out some of the variables that contribute to the challenges for the counseling centers, such as the correlation between gender/ ethnicity and students’ anxiety, depression, interpersonal relationships, and academic performance.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)