ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Rashtrakuta Dynasty

Updated on October 18, 2015

The Rashtrakutas ruled Deccan from about 753 AD to 973 AD. This dynasty was founded by Dantidurga, who overthrew Kirtivarman, the last king of Chalukyas of Badami. The other important rulers of this dynasty were : Dhruva, Govinda, Indra III, Krishna III and Amoghavarsha. The Rashtrakutas were replaced by the later Chalukyas of Kalyani in 973 AD.

The Rashtrakutas resisted the Arabs and contributed to the growth of architecture and literature. The Kailasa temple at Ellora was built by Krishna I. They patronised Kannada, Prakrit and Apabhramsa. Svayambhu, the great Apabhramsa poet, lived at the Rashtrakuta court. Amoghavarsha wrote Kaviraja Marga during their reign. They showed tolerance by patronizing Saivism, Vaishnavism and Jainism.

The Rashtrakutan administration was based on the Chalukyan style. The empire was divided into Rashtra (province), Visaya and Bhukti. An important feature of the period was the rise of hereditary revenue officers namely, nad-gavundas or desa-gramakutas.

Kings of Rashtrakuta Dynasty

Dantidurga (753-756 A.D.): a Mahasamanta under the Chalukya Vikramaditya - II, defeated the latter's son and successor Kirtivarman - II in the first half of 8th century A.D. and founded Rashtrakuta dynasty with Malkhed or Manyakheta as capital. He was succeeded by his uncle Krishna - I abolit 756 A.D.

Krishna - I (756-775 A.D.): He gave a final blow to the power of Kirtivarman - II of the Chalukyas and forced the Gangas of Mysore and Vishnuvardhana -IV of Vengi to acknowledge his supremacy. His son Govinda - II was dethroned by his younger brother Dhruva - III. in about 780 A.D.

Dhruva (780-792 A.D.): He attacked Pallavas and was successful. He was the first Rashtrakuta king to intervene in the tripartite struggle and defeat Pratihara Vatsaraja and Pala king Dharmapala. After this success he added the emblem of Ganga and Yamuna to his imperial insignia. He was succeeded by Govinda - III.

Govinda - III (792-814): He is one of the greatest rulers of Rashtrakuta dynasty, defeated Pratihara Nagabhatta - II and occupied Maiva, which he assigned to Upendra of the Paramara dynasty. He shattered the confederacy formed by Ganga, Chera, Pandya and Pallava kings against him. He was succeeded by his son Amoghavarsha - I.

Amoghavarsha - I (814-878): He is one of the greatest rulers of Rashtrakuta dynasty. He fought long drawn battles with Gangas and Eastern Chalukyas. He was a poet authored Kavirajamarga, the earliest Kannada work on poetics, and patronized men of letters like 'Jinasena' (author of Adipurana) Mahaviracharya (author of Ganita Sara Samgraha), Saktayana (author of Amoghavritti). He was a great builder and built the city of 'Manyakheta. He was succeeded by his son Krishna - II.

Krishna - II (878-915): He successfully fought against pratihara Bhoja, but Gunaga Vijayaditya of Vengi overran the Rashtrakuta kingdom. He was succeeded by his grandson Indra - III.

Indra - III (915-927): defeated Pratihara king Mahipala - I and plundered his capital Kanauj.

Krishna - III (939-67 A.D.): He defeated Parantaka - I of Chola dynasty and occupied Tondaimandalam and constructed a pillar of victory and a temple at Rameshwaram. By waging wars with all his neighbors and alienating them, he created problems to his successors.

Krishna - III was succeeded by his younger brother Khottiga Amoghavarsha (967 – 972), who was defeated by Paramara Siyak -II in 973 A.D., Khottiga was succeeded by Karka II (972 – 973) and the latter was overthrown by the Chalukya Taila - II in 974 A.D.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      its very well written

    • profile image

      neha khan 

      7 years ago

      a good information

    • feenix profile image


      7 years ago

      dilipchandra12, as I commented on one of your other hubs, I have always been fascinated by history and cultures of India. I was glad to read this account and it was very well written and beautifully submitted.

    • Robwrite profile image


      7 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Interesting bit of history I didn't know about. Thank you.



    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)