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The Senior High School Educational System in the Philippines

Updated on November 18, 2019
Luis G Asuncion profile image

I am a wide reader, I can finish a 400-page novel in one to two sitting, about 2-3 hours only.

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Image by Akane-K from

Introduction of the Senior High School System

The implementation of the R.A. 10533 “Enhance Basic Education Act of 2013” wherein it was already observed since school year 2016-2017, whereas the first batch of the Senior High School students we’re enrolled to the different High School that offered their preferred track in preparations for their college degree.

The basic education curriculum is designed to be taught in 12 years. The Philippine basic education is decongested compared to the curriculum of Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore. It is already congested from Elementary education to Junior High School especially in Mathematics, Languages and Sciences. Our high school graduates are inadequately equipped for the world of work. Most of them are too young after graduation to legally enter the labor force which is below 18 years old. This implies that those who will not go to college would either be unemployed or be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. Those who may be interested to set up businesses cannot legally enter into signing of contracts due to their legal ages. The junior high school graduates are not adequately prepared to pursue tertiary education. And needs to undergo remedial and high school level classes in colleges and universities. The Department of Education in collaboration with different government agencies and non-government stakeholders has developed the K to 12 Program which aims to improve basic education in the Philippines. The K to 12 basic education programs in order to intensify the attribute of basic education, K to 12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education. The 5-year old Kindergarten pupil refers to who will undergo a standardized kinder curriculum. The primary schooling that involves 6 years of education (Grades 1-6) refers to elementary education while secondary education refers to four years of junior high school (Grades 7-10 or HS Year 1-4) and two years of senior high school (Grades 11-12 or HS Year 5-6). The right of every Filipino citizen is the quality basic education, therefore this is provided by government for free in public schools. It will decongest the academic workload with that enhanced curriculum, to give the students more time to master competencies and for co-curricular activities and community involvement, thus, allowing for a more holistic development. The Senior High School graduates will possess skills and competencies relevant to the job market. They will be receiving different certificates such as “Certificate of Proficiency”, “Certificate of Competency” or “National Certification” in their areas of specialization. Graduates will be better prepared for higher education. K to 12 educations is affordable.

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Image by Ilhabela from

Implementation of the Senior High School

It is already implemented however, the question is, are we really ready for the Implementation of Republic Act 10533 also known as “Enhance Basic Education Act of 2013”?

The Implementation of “Enhance Basic Education Act of 2013” or the Republic Act 10533. Since the Estrada Administration in 1999, all public schools in the Philippines must start classes on the date mandated by the Department of Education or simply known as DepEd (usually started on the first Monday for public, second Monday for private and third Monday for some colleges for the month of June), and must end after each school completes the mandated 200-day school calendar organized by the DepEd (usually around the third week of March to the second week of April). Private schools are not duty-bound to abide by a specific date, but must open classes no later than the last week of August.

Even if it is already implemented, series of seminars and/or symposiums that will tackle the whole aspect of the Implementation of Republic Act 10533 and as well as the good things that will happen in the future of all incoming senior high school. In this symposium they also need to discuss the different tracks that a certain public school will offer for example is the ABM that they will be offering in their students what will be the outcome after they graduated the course of Accountancy, Business and Management.

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Image by Nina Garman from

Reviewing the Senior High School

As per writing, the Congress of the Philippines is now trying to review the cause and effect of the said Law because there are some who are not happy of the result. According to some parents and other stakeholders, the students who already graduated in Senior High School and wanted to look for a job, but most of them are not yet ready to work in a certain companies because those companies are not accepting them. There are some companies who are not looking for their credentials as a Senior High School graduate, they prefer College graduate. So, the issue is, they need to study again another 4 years for college, unlike if there is no Senior High School strand, they are already in the third year this next school year.

Hope the review of the Congress will be in the positive response to all stakeholders.

Are you in favor of the Senior High School?

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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2019 Luis G Asuncion


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    • Luis G Asuncion profile imageAUTHOR

      Luis G Asuncion 

      3 weeks ago from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines

      Cool answer, my son. Thanks for commenting. God bless you always.

    • Luis G Asuncion profile imageAUTHOR

      Luis G Asuncion 

      3 weeks ago from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines

      I knew that you are one of those parents who wanted their children to graduate immediately in college.

    • profile image

      Crisilda Payda 

      3 weeks ago

      I do not agree with Senior High School. Thanks for sharing.

    • Luis G Asuncion profile imageAUTHOR

      Luis G Asuncion 

      3 weeks ago from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines

      Wow, thanks for sharing.

    • RoadMonkey profile image


      3 weeks ago

      Education is very important. Basic education, reading writing and maths is vital for anyone in this world, if they want to live at anything other than a subsistence level. Apart from these essential basics, a modern education should include research and motivation skills, critical thinking skills, life skills, such as cooking, finance and budgeting and personal responsibility skills.

    • Luis G Asuncion profile imageAUTHOR

      Luis G Asuncion 

      3 weeks ago from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines

      Thanks Arlyne for the comment.

    • profile image


      3 weeks ago

      Very timely...


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