The Splendor, Beauty and History of British Columbia
Historic British Columbia and Dells Falls
British Columbia, The Beginning
Before the fur traders, explorers and Europeans, the Indigenous Indians lived off the land and sea life. It was home to thousands of the Indians with over thirty different languages spoken and were there more than 10,000 decades ago. Today, only 200,000 remain, which include the First Nations, the Inuit, and the Metis.
The First Nations had a trade route with tribes of the Haida, Coast Salish, Kwakwaka, Tsimshian, and several others believed to be there from 1000 to 500 B.C. There are several thoughts on how they arrived and from where. The Inuit people live throughout Canada. The Metis people are descended from Indigenous Indians and mixed with European fur traders and explorers. Most of the Metis people are found in larger cities like Winnepeg, Vancouver, and Calgary.
The Dells Falls are on Vancouver Island in the Strathcona Provincial Park. The falls are the highest waterfalls in Canada and measure eight times higher than Niagra Falls.
British Columbia has three distinct cultures: first, the Northwest Coast, second, the Plateau and, the North.
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, with a total of 364,764 miles of land, with a coastline of 17,000 miles.
Largest Hockey Stick
Facts about British Columbia
Name Canada is believed to be from Huron-Iroquois "Kanta" meaning village
Population in British Columbia is now over 5 million
The provincial flower is the Dogwood
Sasquatch sightings as far back as 200 years ago
Hanging Garden Tree is on Meares Island and is thought to be 1500 to 2000 years old
Frequent earthquakes are felt, the most recent, significant was in 2008
Duncan, B.C, is home to the most massive hockey stick. It was created for the 1986 Expo and is on display in Duncan. It measures 62.48 meters long, weighs 62,000 pounds, and is forty times the size of a regular stick.
Vancouver is one of the largest and important cities
The film industry has created a 3.4 billion dollar industry. The two largest are Lions Gate Co. and Vancouver Film Studios.
Some of the films made in British Columbia include;
British Columbia is one of the top three producers of cranberries and blueberries in the world.
Hanging Tree Gardenon Meares Island
The Haida Indigenous Indians
The Haida Indigenous Indians
The Haida were often called the "Vikings of the Northwest Coast." Considered a feared tribe as they were skilled in seamanship with superior canoes. The canoes were made of a single hand-carved red cedar tree trunk holding up to 60 warriors. They had settled over 8000 years ago area Haida Gwaii of the Canada islands regularly trading with Russia, Spain, British, and American traders. They wanted copper, blankets, and, most of all, slaves. Their weapons were the bow and arrow and the spear until the Europeans brought firearms in the 19th century.
They were skilled in carving and made ceremonial masks and totem poles. The totem poles in their villages once held mortuary boxes for their elders.
The Haida people never signed a treaty ceding their territory, and today, there is ongoing litigation to reclaim their land.
Before long, the governor decided that the ceremony they held called potlatch, which was gift-giving among themselves, was to be outlawed as it was anti-Christain and wasteful. On April 19, 1884, it was banned with the Indians having to give up their masks and ceremonial artifacts. Thankfully, it was deleted in 1951, Sec 149 of the Indian Act. Many of the masks were sent to museums, but some lost forever. Some that thought to have been lost have been repatriated back to the rightful owners.
Legend of The Wolf and The Sea
The Haida people had many legends, and one of the most popular was The Wolf and The Sea:
one day a man found two wolves on the beach. He took the wolves home to raise them. When they had grown up, he taught them to swim in the ocean, kill a whale, and bring it to him on the shore. Each day, the wolves killed a whale until there was too much meat, and it began to spoil. When the Great Above saw the waste, He made a fog so that the wolves couldn't find whales yo kill or find their way back to shore. They remained at sea and became the Orcas we have today.