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The Structure of Language

Updated on March 3, 2014

The Study of Language

There is a great deal of information available about the structure of language.

Psycholinguistics is the “study of how language is acquired, produced, and used and how the sounds and symbols of language are translated into meaning” (Wood, Wood, Boyd 208).

5 Necessary Components of Language

Any given language has five necessary components. The five components are called:

  1. Phonemes
  2. Morphemes
  3. Syntax
  4. Semantics
  5. Pragmatics

I had learned about syntax before but I was unfamiliar with the other four components. Syntax is known as “the rules of word order” and these rules can differ in each language (Wood, Wood, Boyd 208).

Syntax Differences in English and Spanish

I am currently studying Spanish and am aware of the syntax differences between Spanish and English. Spanish usually has the noun come before the adjective while English is vice versa.

This structural difference can be challenging at times, but I hope one day to be able to speak Spanish fluently. I think that the structure of language is indeed complex.


  • Wood, S., Wood, E., Boyd, D. (2002). Mastering the World of Psychology. New Jersey: Pearson.


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