ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Three Moirai in Greek Mythology

Updated on August 24, 2016
Colin Quartermain profile image

Having travelled through Italy, Greece and the Aegean in his youth, Colin quickly became interested in the ancient mythology of the region.

The Fates of Greek Mythology

The concept of fate or destiny is widely recognised in modern culture, with some people believing that everything is predestined. The idea of predestination also existed in Ancient Greece, and the concept was personified with the belief that the Moirai, or Fates as they were also known, controlled everything that happened in a man’s life.

Birth of the Moirai

The Moirai are generally considered to be the offspring of Nyx, the primordial goddess of the night; indeed Hesiod in the Theogony gives this parentage. In the same work though, Hesiod also writes that the parents of the Moirai were Zeus and Themis; Zeus and Themis being deities associated with justice and the natural order.

Other sources from antiquity also write that the Fates were offspring of Chaos, Oceanus and Gaia, Ananke, or Erebus and Nyx.

The Moirai and Ananka

PD-life-100
PD-life-100 | Source

Who were the Moirai?

In Greek mythology there was generally considered to be three Moirai, and were normally depicted as three elderly women.

The Moirai were named as Klotho, who spun the thread of life, Lakhesis, who measured how long the thread was to be, and Atropos, who cut the thread at the end of the life. Thus the Moirai were goddesses of birth, but also goddesses of death.

Therefore, everything that occurred upon the journey of life had already been planned out.

Anyone who tried to interfere with this predestination would encounter the wrath of the Moirai, who would send the Erinyes (the Furies) to deal with the transgressor.

Stories of the Moirai

The Moirai were said to rule over man and god alike, although Zeus is often given the epitaph of Zeus Moiragetes, leader of the Fates; the epitaph suggesting that Zeus could in some way control the Moirai. In mythological tales, the Moirai were aligned with Zeus, and were even said to have fought alongside the supreme deity in the Gigantomachy and also the revolt of Typhon.

One of the most famous appearances of the Moirai in mythological tales occurs at the behest of Hera, Zeus’ wife; Hera asks the Fates to delay the birth of Heracles, to negate the command of Zeus, something the three Moirai are seemingly willing to do.

Zeus on the other hand is willing to let the Fates have their way, and does nothing to interfere with the natural order of things. During the Trojan War Zeus allows both Sarpedon and Hector to die on the battlefield, despite, at one point, the god contemplating saving them from their fate.

Zeus though did ask favours of the Moirai, with the god requesting that Pelops be restored to life, after he had been killed by Tantalus, his father, and served as a meal to the gods.

Similarly, Apollo would convince the Moirai to excuse King Admetus from his appointment with death if someone willingly took his place.

It could, of course, be that the Fates had already planned for the gods to intervene when Pelops and Admetus were initially due to die.

The other famous story of life that involves the Fates was when the centaur Chiron was poisoned by one of Heracles’ arrows. Chiron was immortal and so could not be killed, but was instead wracked with intense pain from the poisonous blood of the Hydra. The Moirai agreed that the centaur could give up his immortality to relieve himself from the pain.

The Moirai were also useful to Zeus when it came to prophecies, as it was the three sisters who warned that the offspring of Metis and Thetis would be stronger than their father. In the first case Zeus circumvented the prophecy by swallowing Metis, and in the second passed it on to another, by having Thetis married off to Peleus.

The Fates are an interesting concept, and possibly quite contradictory; if everything is predestined, then the judgement in the underworld about how the life was led, would appear superfluous.

Alexander the Great and the Fates

Bernardino Mei PD-art-100
Bernardino Mei PD-art-100 | Source

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)