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The Top 5 Highest Mountains In Africa
Google Earth: Africa's Highest Mountains
5. Mount Baker
Together with Mount Stanley and Mount Speke, Mount Baker forms a triangle creating the Bujuku Valley. Its height is 4,844 m. The area these mountains lay is locally known as the Mountains of the Moon. As with the vast majority of peaks in the Ruwenzori Range, Mt Bakers highest jagged ridge is known as Edward Peak. The mountain is named after Sir Samuel Baker who was an early in the region although never actually ascended the mountain himself.
4. Mount Speke
Mt Speke is 4,890m and has several peaks including Vittorio Emanuele 4,890m; Ensonga 4,865m; Johnston 4,834m & Trident 4,572m. The people who live in the mountains call this mountain range the 'Rwenzori', 'the rain maker' in Swahili. Early explorers visited this region in search of the source of the River Nile and whilst the expedition leader John Speke didn’t climb this mountain he mapped the source of the White Nile in 1862. The mountains are blessed with a variety of wildlife due to the rivers and streams which criss-cross the mountain including elephant, chimpanzee, leopard, monkey & antelope.
3. Mount Stanley
With an elevation of 5,109 m it's the highest mountain in both the DRC and Uganda and the third highest mountain on the continent after Mount Kenya and Mt Kilimanjaro. The peaks are actually high enough to support a glacier and it was named after explorer Sir Henry Morton Stanley. It's part of the UNESCO world heritage site that is Rwenzori Mountains National Park and was first summited in 1906 by Duke of the Abruzzi and his fellow climbers and was named Margherita Peak after the Queen Margherita of Italy.
2. Mt Kenya
Mt Kenya is both the highest mountain in Kenya and the second highest mountain in Africa behind neighbouring Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. Point Batian is 5,199m and the highest point on Mt Kenya. Mt Kenya is located in Central Kenya and runs right through the equator. It was established as a National Park in 1949 and then as a UNESCO site in 1997. There are a wide variety of animals that live lower down on the slopes of Mt Kenya including various species of monkey, antelope, porcupine and tree hyrax and some larger animals including both buffalo and elephant.
1. Mt Kilimanjaro
Mt Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa standing at 5,895 metres above sea level and consists of three peaks, Shira, Kibo and Mawenzi with Uhuru peak being the highest on the Kibo crater rim. The mountains peak was reached for the first time in 1889 by Hans Meyer, a German geographer and Ludwig Purtscheller, an Austrian mountaineer. Since 1912, 80% of the Kibo glacier has disappeared due to the world's temperatures increasing, that's an annual loss of 1% and at its current rate Kilimanjaro is expected to be ice free between 2022 and 2033.
Climbing Kilimanjaro is popular with climbers all over the world but the Tanzanian mountain rescue service are concerned by the fact many people believe it's an easy climb and end up paying the consequences further up the mountain for their naivety. It's estimated that more people have died climbing Kilimanjaro than they have climbing Mt Everest, although far fewer people attempt Everest.
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