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The Traditional Five Human Senses and Sense Organs

Updated on March 24, 2015

Five Main Senses

Traditionally we have five main senses. These are sight, smell, taste, hearing and touch.

Sight

Source

Sight or Vision: The ability to see - that is, to detect light waves and interpret them into the objects around us. The organ of vision is the eye.

Smell

Source

Smell or Olfaction: The ability to detect and interpret odours. The organ of olfaction is the nose. Smell, along with taste, is a "chemical sense".

Taste

Source

Taste or Gustation: The ability to detect and interpret chemical differences in items we put in the mouth, which is the organ of gustation. Taste is the other "chemical sense". Taste and smell combined allow us to detect flavors.

Hearing

Source

Hearing or Audition: The ability to detect and interpret sound waves. The organ of audition is the ear.

Touch

Source

Touch or Somatic Senses: The ability to perceive and interpret temperature, pressure and pain. The main organ of touch is the skin, which is also the largest organ of the human body. However, there are also receptors located throughout the body.

Senses are all controlled by the Nervous System.

Image courtesy of webpages.shepherd.edu
Image courtesy of webpages.shepherd.edu

Additional Senses

The idea of five human senses dates back to Aristotle. He was a philosopher and scientist who lived in ancient Greece from 384 – 322 BC.

While five senses are still taught in schools, we do have other senses which help our bodies operate.

Additional senses include:

  • sense of balance
  • sense of body movement
  • sense of time
  • sense of direction
  • sense of the location of your body parts

More Information

Find out more about how each individual sense works:

Sight ... Smell ... Taste ... Hearing ...Touch

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    • Hazel Abee profile image

      Hazel Abee 

      3 years ago from Malaysia

      Hi there ... will be linking your hub into my hub ...

    • profile image

      SkoolKid 

      3 years ago

      The pictures are going to make this really easy to remember. Cool!

    • profile image

      Ann 

      6 years ago

      Pretty informative.

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