ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Versailles Settlement, The 1929 Economic Crisis and Ideological Extremism as causes for the Second World War

Updated on April 25, 2014

Introduction

The causes of the Second World War were various, diverse and each cause played a different role in the build up to Germany’s invasion of Poland and the answer from France and Great Britain. This essay will asses the role of the three of the most important causes: The Versailles Settlement after the First World War, the economic crisis of 1929 and its further consequences on all belligerent parties and the ideological extremism, which built up not only in Nazi Germany but in other nations as well.

The Title Page

Source

The peace settlement

The peace settlement after the armistice in World War One was a heavily contributing factor to the unleashing of German resentment and in effect World War Two especially the Treaty of Versailles, which heavily punished the German nation and its people. Its war guilt clause accused Germany as the aggressor and angered the German nation leaving a long-lasting feeling of abandonment. It also made sure that Germany would have to pay a huge amount of war guilt in the form of reparations to the victorious nations. It secured a large amount of territorial losses of Germany, such as the Polish Corridor, Alsace-Lorraine and all overseas colonies, such as Namibia or Samoa. The treaty demilitarized the Rhineland and allowed France to exploit the Ruhr’s resources in Western Germany. The Peace Settlement created many small independent states in Eastern Europe such as Hungary Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia creating a power vacuum in later years. The treaty of Versailles and its clauses pertaining to the diminished size of Germany’s army, navy and the non-existent German air force, became Hitler’s main issue. The Nazi dictator had made it one of his main goals to revise the treaty and regain Germany’s pre-war significance and power to be able to follow and complete his other goals. These including the revision of Versailles, were later accomplished in the beginning of the Second World War.

A Title Page

Source

The Wall Street Crash of 1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929 set of the worst economic crisis ever in the history of mankind and as like much of the world it had a large impact on Germany and thus has a role in causing World War Two. Before the crash, the Weimar Republic (Germany) had seen a period of improvement under the leadership of Streseman with the presence of US help in the form of loans. They were known as the Dawes commission and Young plan and had the goal of assisting Germany in its attempt to secure democracy and stabilize its economy. They were successful to begin with but after the Wall Street Crash the United States were unable to continue with the payments towards Germany and the rest of Europe. Germany became unable to continue with the payment of reparations, which raised tensions between countries and increased the economic crisis in the Weimar republic, where the majority of the population had lost faith in the government. This led to the reemergence of both right and left extremist groups which later contributed to the political instability and the rise of Hitler and Nazism, vicious ideology, which needed a conflict to succeed.

Nazi Propaganda

Source

Ideological extremism

Ideological extremism was present through Europe in the post-war years, yet mainly affected Germany, Italy, Russia, Japan and Spain, where a civil war ensued. In Germany the ideology of Nazism built upon Mussolini’s fascism allowed Hitler to take control over Germany and dissolve the Weimar republic. Hitler’s further ideologues, such as his idea of “lebensraum” and a perfect race, are triggers, which began World War Two for example the German occupation of Poland. Italy’s change to fascism under the rule of Mussolini led to the Rome-Berlin Axis between Germany and Italy and their later collaboration during the war. However, strong ideological extremism was also present among the allies. Russia had become a socialist; communist nation after Lenin’s revolution in 1917 and under Stalin’s leadership became more and more opposed towards Germany and Hitler. In Japan, the idea of anti-US imperialism rose and led to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, an attempt to force the United States out of Asia, which led to US involvement in the war, both in the pacific and in Europe.

The Cause for WW2

Which of the following was the main reason for WW2?

See results

Conclusion

All three aspects played an important role in the causes of the Second World War. Ideological extremism and the economic crisis gave extremist parties the right climate to seize power and created lasting differences and opposition between nations. The Peace Settlement of 1919 left a politically torn Europe and an angry Germany and a League of Nations with no significant influence over international affairs. In combination with each other all of the above mentioned aspects create one of the main causes of the war, Hitler’s rise to power and the implication of his political goals. This led to the death of more than 10 million soldiers and civilians in the space of 6 years and the Holocaust, one of the biggest genocides know to mankind.

Crash Course History

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)