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The battle between Alexander and Paurava
The king Alexander and king Paurava
During the period, there sprang up city – states in Greece. Ancient Persia had grown into a powerful empire. These two areas engaged in continual conflict. The Athenians were one group who ruled Persia. In the 6th century BC King Darius of this dynasty established a strong empire. His kingdom extended up to the Indian border during his time. In 4th century BC the Macedonian king Alexander won over the Greek city - states and captured Persia. Thus, even the part of the Persian kingdom which had spread up to the Indian border, came under the control of Alexander. After overpowering Persia, Alexander entered Indian through the passes in Kandahar and Hindu Kush. He advanced till Ravi and Beas rivers, and unable to proceed further, he crossed the Indian border through river Jhelum, and on his way back home, he died in Babylonia.
Battle between Alexander and Paurava
When Alexander accepted the invitation of Ambhi, the king of Taxila, and came to India, it was Paurava that he had to confront. Bravo was also called Porus. The two armies faced each other on the banks of the river Jhelum which was flooded and wild at that time. Alexander's army attacked Paurava who had never expected anyone to cross the swollen river, and won.
Alexander asked the captured Paurava how he desired to be treated. Paurava replied with pride, courage, as one king deserves to be treated by another'. Bravo brave adventurers have been immortalized in Greek writings. Alexander's attacked, led to the consolidation of small and big republics and the establishment of the Mauryan dynasty. The arrival of the Greeks influenced North Indian art and science. Proof of this influence can be found in the famous art form known as Gandhara art which existed at the time.