ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • History & Archaeology

The bright history of the Bangalis

Updated on February 21, 2016

21st February: International Mother Language Day

In the history of every nation, there are some days which are remembered and observed with due respect; the 21st February is one of them. The whole Bengali nation shows respect to the language martyrs on this day. The 21st February is observed as the International Mother Language Day, though it was known as Martyr’s Day.

After two hundred years of blood-sucking torture and injustice, the British left the Indian sub-continent in the face of severe opposition. Then the two countries were born – India and Pakistan. The ruling government of Pakistan declared Urdu (the language of 5% people of Pakistan) as the National Language of Pakistan in 1948. They tried to impose it on the majority people (55%) whose mother tongue is Bangla. They denied the demand of the Bangalis for the recognition of Bangla as the National Language of Pakistan. In 1952, the protests erupted throughout the East Pakistan for the recognition of Bangla as the National Language of Pakistan. The Government of Pakistan prohibited all kinds of processions and meetings by imposing a curfew under the clause 144. But the bold youth of the University of Dhaka including students, teachers, politicians, workers, farmers broke the curfew and brought out an adamantine procession to establish their demand. The police charged fire on the procession and as a result, Rafiq, Jabbar, Salam, Barkat, Shafiul and others met martyrdom. Due to their sacrifice, Bangla was recognized as the State Language of Pakistan. Since then, the 21st February is observed as Martyr’s Day throughout the country with due respect. At present near about 24 crore people speak in Bangla. According to the population, Bangla is the 4th greatest mother language in this world. In recognition of the work of 5,300 troops from Bangladesh in the UN Mission in Sierra Leone peacekeeping force, the government of Sierra Leone named Bangla as an Official Language in December 2002.

Shaheed Minar

The bloodshed on the 21st February did not end in smoke. History has paid for it. The Bangalis not only were able to keep intact the honour of their mother tongue, but also had the opportunity to instill into the minds of the nationals the very consciousness of independence. The 21st February aroused a pure sense of nationalism in their hearts. It went a long way in unifying the Bangalis. Accordingly, they again took up arms against the Pakistani colonialist rulers in 1971 and in the end became an independent nation on 26th March 1971. Now they are a free nation having a specific place, Bangladesh, on the map of the world.

On 9th January 1998, Rafiqul Islam and Abdus Salam, two Bangladeshis from Canada sent a memorandum to Mr. Kofi Annan, Secretary General of the United Nations (UN) demanding declaration of 21st February as the International Mother Language Day. On 17 November 1999, UNESCO declared the 21st February as the International Mother Language Day. They recognized Bangla language movement and it got international status. UNESCO and the other UN agencies take part in the events to promote cultural and linguistic diversity all around the world on International Mother Language Day. They appreciate and encourage people to know about their mother language and provide them with the awareness regarding the promotion of their language and culture towards other countries. In Bangladesh, the people go to Shaheed Minar (Martyrs’ Monument) to pay tribute to the martyrs of 21st February and sprinkle flowers on the monument on International Mother Language Day.

Bangla Language Movement

Martyrs in Language Movement

The 21st February has a big chapter of the bright history of the Bangalis. The Bangalis regained their right to speak in their mother tongue on this day. This immortal day is a ballad of pride and happiness tinged with the pathetic melody of tears.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)