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The challenges in the Philippines 21st enhanced basic education reforms implementation

Updated on August 20, 2015
Jeana Macalood profile image

Jeana is currently teaching in the secondary education of the Department of Education, Philippines. A PhD Biology graduate.

The Implementation of the Philippine Enhanced Basic Education Reform and its Challenges

A signage/ logo showing the Philippine K to 12 Educational Reform implementation.
A signage/ logo showing the Philippine K to 12 Educational Reform implementation. | Source
The Philippine President Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III signs the Philippine Enhanced Basic Education Reform or RA 10533 with Senator Angara and other government officials witnessing.
The Philippine President Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III signs the Philippine Enhanced Basic Education Reform or RA 10533 with Senator Angara and other government officials witnessing. | Source
DepEd  Secretary Armin Luistro seeks specialized high school programs under K-12.
DepEd Secretary Armin Luistro seeks specialized high school programs under K-12. | Source
Bicol University  President Fay M. Lauraya emphasizes the need for the regional mass training in order to equip the teachers for the students to be globally competitive in skills.
Bicol University President Fay M. Lauraya emphasizes the need for the regional mass training in order to equip the teachers for the students to be globally competitive in skills. | Source
Trainers training at UP Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) attended by teachers to conduct regional training for teachers.
Trainers training at UP Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) attended by teachers to conduct regional training for teachers. | Source
Some people show off their views to the Philippine K to 12 implementation.
Some people show off their views to the Philippine K to 12 implementation. | Source

Education by Jeana S. Macalood, PhD

The Philippine Basic Education Reform in the 21st century known as the K to 12 Curriculum has been implemented three years ago. This educational reform aims to prepare the students to be more skilled that they are knowledgeable and they possess mastery in higher-order thinking skills. This is because the Philippines as a member country of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) organization will be joining the selection and hiring of skilled workers in less than 2 years from now. The selection is very competitive as it is skilled-based. The Philippine government can no longer wait to find other time for the implementation of this educational reform, otherwise it will remain behind from other ASEAN countries and consequently individuals who graduated in high school would appear not ready and loss the chance of employment. Having such occurrence, the economic condition of the country will be ultimately affected as it is not able to elevate due to the increase in the unemployment rate. These are few but top reasons considered by the Philippine government when the educational reform was made into law by no less than His Excellency President Benigno Simeon C. Aquino under Republic Act No. 10533 known as the “Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013”.

Truly, educational reform is very costly, the Philippines had been allocating the highest budget to the Department of Education (DepED) as the agency mandated to supervise and monitor the said reform. This is because of the preparation of both the human resources and physical facilities that include buildings, books, laboratory facilities and many others making the implementation successful. Part of the government efforts in the pursuit of the K to 12 implementation is the opening of new positions/ items to be fill in by competent personnel in order to cater services and in addressing the issues and lapses along the way. Moreover, teachers starting from the kindergarten to the junior high school had been into trainings to equip them in the new curriculum. However, despite from the fact that the government is taking this matter seriously, hindrances like issues and complaints are undeniable and they are coming up especially that the senior high school is about to be fully implemented. There had been complaints filed in the proper court by some private sectors in the academe as well as by some politicians for reason that there are many things to be prepared yet. Also, the clamor of many college instructors and professors for possible loss of their employment starting next year and the reduction of revenues on the operation of the private universities and colleges are among the issues raised until now. DepED had addressed the issue by opening employment and allowing the qualified college teachers to venture their teaching expertise in the senior high school. Today, DepED is trying to reach its stakeholders including the parents, students, teachers and many other entities through campaign as a way of giving exact information and for better understanding about the educational reform in order to erase and clear the doubts behind. The regional and division offices personnel with the school heads and focal persons are tasks to perform such duty. Currently, the lapses occurring are just partial and temporary, there could be more or less of this upon the full implementation of the K to 12 when the senior high school will take its place but everything will be alright and put in order if stakeholders in the community and the whole country will strongly support the program. Let us understand how this reform will benefit our studentry and to our economy as well. Lapses or shortcomings are just part of the implementation and sooner these shall be taken cared off. Employees in the DepED agency should have to take part for the successful implementation of the K to 12 Curriculum and even in addressing the issues because getting involved for the solutions is a major concern that I and we should look into. Mabuhay!

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