Madaba the Mosaic city of Jordan
Historical background of Madaba
I have learned through friends while in Jordan I shouldn't miss visiting Madaba the Mosaic city and the Petra. Well, now I am in Madaba and first leg of our journey to the holy land start from here. The city lies in the east bank of river Jordan. Madaba is well known for its Byzantine mosaic art. It has a long history, according to the Bible at the time of the Exodus it was an Amorite town close to Moab border (Numbers: 21,30; Joshua 13:9) Madaba was then occupied by Israelites and later it was frequently changed hands. The city was ruined and abandoned by war and natural calamities over thousands of years.
Later during 5th century when Christians started occupying the city they excavated early mosaics remnants from the ruins. The mosaics were then lavishly used on the building floors and walls as decoration. Making of Mosaic there fore was an ancient art and existed in Madaba from the time immemorial.
Social set of Jordan
Jordanians live in a relatively secular society. I have quite a few Jordanian Muslim friends majority of them identify them selves as liberals. They consider religious practices should be a private matter that must be differentiated from social and political life.
Majority of Jordan population is sunny Muslims, though there are few other minorities, Christians forms a sizable percentage. Unlike other states they live in harmony in the neighborhood with mutual respect and I was given to understanding they even marry inter religion particularly between Muslims and Christians.
Olive is easily grown in Jordan and they have a saying Olive trees are planted for the children just as the ancestors did for the present generation.
Olive trees seldom dies easily, there are very many trees in Jordan aged one thousand years and above. The oldest trees I have seen are the olives in Gethsemane garden. Older the tree better is the quality they say because best quality olives and oil come from the trees 40 years old and above
Mosaic map of Madaba
A large, 6th century Byzantine-era mosaic map of holy land was discovered accidentally in 1897 while renovating the old church for Greek orthodox Christians. The map measuring about 25 square meter (according to church authorities the present panel is only one fourth of the original which was of 94 square meters) is a unique piece of art.
It represents a topographical view of the biblical land from Egypt to Lebanon, including Sinai, Palestine and Jordan keeping Jerusalem as the center of attraction of the map. The mosaic map still serves as floor of the Greek orthodox cathedral in Madaba which is closely situated to the Madaba visitors center.
Mosaic work shops of Madaba
We then visited a mosaic work shop where the artisans painstakingly add mosaic stones one after other to a sketched out line. These multi colored stones are expensive and they come mostly from Petra. The artisans cut the stones with cutting pliers and paste them rough side up on to the cotton. These are then set in concrete and flipped over so that smooth surface faces up. The artists have undergone at least three year training on how to set these.
Mosaic school of Madaba
Madaba, known as the city of mosaics, runs a regular Mosaic school started by the Italians for training local Jordanians to restore ancient mosaics found in Jordan as well as to train them in traditional and computer aided modern methods of mosaic production. The students of the school are able to take the university bachelor degree in archaeology with a 2 years extended study (Lately I am given to understanding this opertunity is with held for the time being, Interested personnel are advised to contact the school directly). We have been able to visit one of their work shops and watch their exquisite skill of craftsmanship in mosaic making. They produce mosaic panel smaller to very large ones and you can buy them at the work shop or at so many souvenir shops found in Madaba if you do not consider the cost
Foods of Jordan
If you do not leave Jordan heavier, there is something wrong such irresistible is their food. Multi cuisine extravaganza is their spread; you really cannot be bothered if you are a weight watcher. Hummus, Falafel, Tabouleh, Mautabel, Kofta, Mixed grill are some of my favorites.
A green drink of lime in mint is refreshing. Wine is also available in plenty. Well, thinking of fruits, they are in abundance. We eat three meals in Jordan, dinner and the break fast at the hotel Tulip where we stayed located close to Queen Alia international airport and the lunch of course in Madaba. No words to explain the quality of these foods.
Sorry, I am an ardent lover of Jordanian and Turkish foods, habit formed for the grills because of my long stay in gulf countries. Don’t leave Jordan with out picking few packets of authentic Jordanian sweets like Kunafa, Baklava etc for the home.