Antoine Lavoisier – This guy here was regarded as the Father of chemistry, and was the first person to put together a list of elements that would eventually land itself in the periodic table. He was known for being the one who named two noble gases, one being oxygen, and the other being hydrogen, between the stretch of years of 1778-1783, and he also helped in a major way to construct the whole of the metric system itself. His works were truly extensive in dealing with chemicals, and he definitely made his permanent mark on that of humanity in chemistry.
Michael Faraday - Some people in life have their affinity for the laws of attraction, and this dude sure knew a great deal about it.
Faraday was a true genius who actually discovered the magnetic field, and he also discovered two other awesome attractive compelling forces, one electromagnetic induction, and the other diamagnetism (is the property of an object or material which causes it to create a magnetic field in opposition to an externally applied magnetic field) (directly reference from Wikipedia).
Without Faraday's smarts and great works of scientific wisdom, the foundations for electricity and motors may have never came to exist, and most of our modern day technology's would be null and void. He invented the first known electromagnetic rotary device, and because of this invention electric motors were eventually born allowing for much of our great machines we know of today to have risen, and are heavily depended upon by our modernized societies and the whole of civilization today.
Many of his other inventions extend across the full spectrum of science and engineering, and especially that of electrical systems. He coined the terms cathode, anode, electrode and ion, which are still used today to teach electronics, and basic electrical theory to students worldwide, and for research on the applied sciences.
Another Magnetic Dude!
James Clerk Maxwell - Many great minds are celebrated by humanity, but surely for their worldly knowledge obtained, and redelivered to us all. Now this guy was given one of the highest praises of them all, and even by Albert Einstein himself, in later years. Maxwell was considered to be the jack of all trades when it came to physics and mathematics, and he was the one who came up with classical electromagnetic theory.
His great achievements in the fields of electromagnetism was said by many to have matched the likes of great minds such as Sir Issac Newton, Einstein, and he has earned his place in the Hall of fame of the Great One's.
Maxwell's famous equations has set him apart from many of his kind and have layed the very foundation for a great deal of mathematical discoveries and applicable laws dealing with calculus. Here's wikipedia's direct reference on it "Maxwell's equations are a set of partial differential equations that, together with the Lorentz force law, form the foundation of classical electrodynamics, classical optics, and electric circuits."
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