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The greatest minds of Science & Math that influenced the world to change - pg 1

Updated on August 5, 2012

Their brains were really powerful

Archimedes of Syracuse : c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC
Archimedes of Syracuse : c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC | Source
Pythagoras : b. about 570 – d. about 495 BC
Pythagoras : b. about 570 – d. about 495 BC | Source

The greatest scientific minds in Chronological order

  • Archimedes - famous for his mathematical genius this guy has his name engraved in many places all throughout scientific wordings and expressions. The term "Archimedes rule is one, and the Archimiees spiral is another". He was instrumental in the creation of a very approximate explanation of pi (3.141414.........) in mathematics, and his methods of understanding a great deal of calculus helped us define the area underneath an arc. His scientific genius extends across the full spectrum of physics, astronomy, engineering, and he also was an inventor.
  • Pythagorus - He had a pretty bad rap throughout history for some reason when it comes to his actual contributions to philosophy, but this great mind was thinking mostly along the lines about triangles, and is mostly well known in mathematics for his theorem which is debatable as well as to where the true origin of such a mathematical proof as the Pythagorean Theorem (Used in Trigonometry).
  • Either way he was credited for a powerful thought process that all mathematicians today depend on, and the fact that triangles are the strongest shape makes his theorem even more tough to swallow mathematically, which are used in, trigonometry, calculus, engineering of structures today, and many other science courses as well.

That looks kind of dangerous

Pascals Barrel Experiment
Pascals Barrel Experiment | Source
  • Blaise Pascal - he was instrumental with his works and studies he came up with on the characteristic nature of fluid or fluid dynamics. His understanding of the scientific world extended to mathematics where he actually invented the first mechanical calculator. His other scientific contributions dealt with pressure and vacuum, which was shown in his experiment known as Pascal's Barrel.
  • This very cool experiment lead to many more scientific and mathematical proofs in later years for various scientists, and helped to develop the fluid mechanics and dynamics engineering courses that we know of today at the university level.
  • His scientific works are still being used quite frequently today by students world wide, and many of them get to know much of it early in junior high, high school and potentially even in grammar school as well.

He saw it all for what it truly is

Astronomer Copernicus : 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543
Astronomer Copernicus : 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543 | Source

This dude had a powerful scope

Galileo Galilei : 15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642
Galileo Galilei : 15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642 | Source
  • Nicolaus Copernicus - He was the first astronomer to get it right, meaning he defined for humanity the fact that the sun is the center of this universe we reside in, hence the name was coined "The Heliocentric Model" or also known as Heliocentric cosmology. His advanced ways of thinking was challenged by the church and world rulers of his time, but history favored his findings in the end, and he was crowned as the one who began the scientific revolution, and it was named after him as the Copernican Revolution.
  • Galileo Galilei - A devote follower of Copernicus, he made major headway in the field of astronomy, where he improved the telescope itself, and came up with some amazing discoveries about Jupiter's moons, and many other celestial bodies. With his inquisitive mind and watchful new high powered lenses he had built himself, he could actually see much more then that of his counterparts. This new found capability had lead Galileo to a greater awareness of the astrological constellations.
  • He also wrote some profound knowledge on the subjects of physics and mathematics, which came to be known as "The Two New Sciences", in which became Kinematics (Is the motion of points, bodies & systems of bodies without regard to what actually has caused such motion or movement) today, and also Strength of materials, which are both used in engineering sciences. (Indirectly referenced from Wikipedia)

Great books on the Copernicus Revolution


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    • CloudExplorer profile image

      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      Yup I never heard of that Pascals barrel thingy either and so I figured why not throw it in here for others who haven't been taught about it all in school, or college. Thanks for the visit @cclitgirl, and the cool comment as well.

    • cclitgirl profile image

      Cynthia Calhoun 5 years ago from Western NC

      Haha, I remember actually having to studying these guys in various math, science and social studies classes. Very cool! I didn't know about Paschal's Barrel - so I learned something new! Great ideas and thoughts here.

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      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      @shiningirisheyes, Thanks for that awesome comment you left me there, yes even I have fell off when t comes to appreciating these great men.

      I will so try to do a series soon on all of the worlds greatest inventors, and it will be tough, but I will succeed in its completion in due time.

      I will also do another series on the worlds most influential women soon as well, its worth a try you know.

    • shiningirisheyes profile image

      Shining Irish Eyes 5 years ago from Upstate, New York

      For the severe times they lived in, many seem to have enjoyed longevity as well. Just another example of what keeping your mind active will do.

      I and so many others take for granted the major discoveries these gentlemen contributed to my daily life.

      I found this extemely interesting Mike. I look forward to reading more.

    • CloudExplorer profile image

      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      Nice quote by Tom Ed, @JDIZM, thanks again man for the cool visit.

    • CloudExplorer profile image

      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      Thank you @thumbi7, for sharing with me and for reading my hub here.

    • JDIZM profile image

      JDIZM 5 years ago

      I love everything about science and the unknown.

      My favourite quote:

      I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work.

      - Thomas A. Edison

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 5 years ago from India

      Saved the page for my children to read

      Thanks for sharing this

    • CloudExplorer profile image

      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      Thanks @embee77, it was truly a challenge to do, and I hope to complete it all by tomorrow.

      Yes indeed great minds are surely at work all over the world, its just not realistic for all of them to be credited as these fine gentlemen have, some unfortunate ones go unnoticed for some odd reason, so I must agree.

    • embee77 profile image

      embee77 5 years ago

      Wonderful job pulling together the significant masters of their times. Looking forward to the next chapter in your series. Great thinkers still exist, but we don't necessarily know them!

    • CloudExplorer profile image

      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      Thanks Deborah for the visit and for sharing with me, it was tough but I got it started, it should be a 5 part series when its all said and done.

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      what great history Mike.. please keep these coming.. I love reading about different people.. You are doing a wonderful job at research and writing..

      Voted up and sharing my friend


    • CloudExplorer profile image

      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      Thank you @krsharp05, for the cool comment and for giving my hub here a chance, even if it isn't the easiest subject to read or write about anywhere for that matter.

      I thought why not give it a try at something challenging to write, plus many of my other technical hubs suffer so I thought maybe the ancient master minds and worldly scholars might help a bit.

      I hope more folks here, and on the web enjoy it as much as you and Bill have thus far.

    • krsharp05 profile image

      Kristi Sharp 5 years ago from Born in Missouri. Raised in Minnesota.

      I love reading about forefathers. As someone who is math illiterate, I envy the amazing work of great minds. Luckily I have a son who is bloody brilliant. This hub is excellent, easy to read and enjoyable. Up and Awesome. -K

    • CloudExplorer profile image

      Mike Pugh 5 years ago from New York City

      Hi Bill thanks for the visit bro, yup these gentlemen definitely have made the globe shift a bit towards the more scientific directions, and they are the very reason we are on such a technological course of sorts today.

      All of our advances in many area's of science wouldn't have been possible if it weren't for the genius of these folks. So I figured why not take a hard stab at this factor of things, and the research was tough no doubt, but well worth it I do believe.

      In due time we shall see if the tough job was indeed so worth it, the lord knows I put my all into it here today, and so we will see how the fate of such a hub series plays out, I have a few more hubs to go, or maybe three to complete it all.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Giants they were, and we are still standing on their shoulders today!

      The theories that you have highlighted are even more remarkable when you realize how little the world's leaders knew at that time....these geniuses developed correct theories based on very little physical proof or knowledge....incredible!

      Thanks for bringing these men to light; great job Mike!