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The importance of hearing in the child's language development
Speech, language and hearing
Speech, language and hearing are an important part of your child's life. The speech is described as the ability to make sounds, while language goes beyond this and refers to the ability to understand and use these sounds. Hearing is necessary for the proper development of both speech and language.
Language is a basic tool for interpersonal relationships, is an act of communication that allows people to exchange ideas and emotions. It is closely linked to intelligence and thought, and to reach language that we must be able to imagine and remember, have the symbol of things without them being present. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important human conditions, since it allows the man to evolve. For this reason, speaking in a clear and understandable is a fundamental requirement for life, the failure to have this opportunity to communicate with peers can limit many aspects of daily life. It is essential to realize the importance of oral language as a tool used par excellence for human beings to communicate with their peers.
When the family is going through a stimulating and educational environment by promoting a child's language development. All children need some degree of stimulation, this stems the importance of play in addition an auditory stimulation in learning the whole language.
It is important to emphasize that the hearing is more responsible for learning reading and writing that vision. While reading requires good visual ability is acquired normally, a child born blind can learn to read and write, a fact accomplished through Braille. This is thanks to these children, having a good hearing, had no trouble developing their oral language, which is the basis for acquiring the system consisting of reading and writing. Therefore we must not forget that reading is thinking and writing is thinking in writing. In addition, good auditory discrimination leads to a correct reading comprehension.
Auditory training is vital and must be started with the discovery and analysis of "natural sounds", which in an organized and planned to drive the child to the assessment of the various sound qualities (level pre-musical).
Most children hear and listen from birth, they learn to talk by imitating the sounds that are around, the voices of their loved ones, and that our language is a language of sounds, composed of sounds such as consonants and vowels. This leads to the correction of oral language is intimately linked to an adequate auditory perception, which actually has an essential role in the development of language, since the ear depends on the acoustic communication with the outside. Therefore, considering the oral language as the active element and passive listening as to achieve a correct articulation of phonemes correct is crucial hearing.
Some strategies for proper auditory stimulation
In the early years:
Moving musical toys, invite the child to search the sound source and connect the noise with movement. Speak from different places, whispering in her ear, singing nursery rhymes. Putting music varied, changing the tone of voice. Return books with great illustrations, names the objects as they are shown.
From 2-4 years:
Describe the actions taken by the protagonist of a story, fill bottles with different materials, to appreciate the differences sound a glass jar.
From 4-6 years:
Reading stories and to ask simple questions. Identify sounds produced by the body (clapping, jumping, etc.). Name objects according to a given feature, for example: "Tell me something that is blue?"
From 6 to 7 years:
Follow orders on paper, sorting objects that go together; to sequences of numbers, letters or words and the child repeat them. Memorize poems, tongue twisters, riddles.
Other exercises that will enrich the listening area
1. Repeat songs or poems that rhyme, for example, "Sawdust, sawing the timbers of San Juan ..."
2. Inventing words that rhyme: "How many words can you find that rhyme with the word cat?"
3. Talking about the first sounds of familiar words. Ask the child: "What sound you hear at the beginning of your name?" "Do you know any other word that starts with the same sound?"
4. Design a family book. Have a picture of all family members and find pictures of objects that begin with the same letter of his name.
At the slightest suspicion that the child does not listen properly consult a specialist in the field.