ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The sources of medieval Indian history and modern history

Updated on September 24, 2015

Mughal Emperor Pictures

Source

the last ruler of slave dynasty

Source

Mughal emperor Jahangir

Source

A careful reader can trace every important development stage by stage

Sources of medieval Indian history

Sources of medieval Indian history are more abundant than those of ancient Indian history. There are numerous contemporary chronicles dealing with different Muslim dynasties which give us reliable. Official and private documents relating to the pre – Mughal period are not available, but the Mughals had a very efficient record department. Some of those records, especially those of the later Mughal period have survived in their original form to this day.

There are histories pertaining to the Slave Sultans of delhi, Muhammad – bin – Tughlaq and Firoz Shah Tughlaq. There are is no contemporary chronicles for the Afghan dynasties. Babur's deservedly famous Memories, the Memoirs of Jahangir and Gulbadan Begum's Humayun – nama give us insight into the history of the kings and their times. Abul Fazl's Ain – i – Akbari and Akbarnama deal with the reign of Akbar. Chronicles are available covering the reigns of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. These chronicles suffer from two main defects.

As the authors were generally connected with the court, they could not give an objective version of historical development; secondly, they were mostly concerned with the king and his court. They took little interest in the condition of the people and in the socio – economic development.

The coins of the provincial rulers with their dates and mint – marks are especially valuable in respect of the medieval period. Monuments testify to the growth of material prosperity and the development of culture. Sometimes, contemporary Persian literature contain useful information regarding social political history. We find, for example – valuable historical material in the writings of the famous Indo – Persian poet, Amir Khusro.

Sources of modern Indian history

For the modern period there are overwhelming sources – materials throwing light on political, socio – economic and cultural developments in the country. Top priority must be given to officials records. A careful reader can trace every important development stage by stage.

There are many contemporary or semi – contemporary works – memories, biographies, travel accounts, etc – written by Englishmen, which gives interesting and useful glimpses into the history of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, newspapers managed by Indians and Europeans reflected different shades of political opinion in the country. The proceedings of the Legislatures and the political organizations like British Indian Association, the Indian Association, the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League have acquired increasing importance to supplement the historical details of the time.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)