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Things to Do In Taking a Test
What is a test
A test or an examination is an assessment intended to measure a test-taker's knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics.
A test may be administered verbally, on paper, on a computer, or in a confined area. Tests vary in style, rigor and requirements. It may also be administered formally or informally. Formal testing often results in a grade or a test score.
A standardized test is any test that is administered and scored in a consistent manner to ensure legal defensibility. It is often used in education, professional certification, psychology, the military and other fields. It is widely used, fixed in terms of scope, difficulty and format, and are usually significant in consequences. It is usually held on fixed dates.
A non-standardized test is usually flexible in scope and format, variable in difficulty and significance. This test is usually developed by individual instructors or teachers so the level of difficulty of it may not be widely adopted.. It may be used to determine the prroficiency level of students, to motivate to study, and to provide feedback to students and parents.
Common Types of Informal Classroom Tests
There are common types of testing in schools. These are diagnostic, formative, periodical or quarterly test, and summative test. Each has a purpose.
1. Diagnostic Test
It comes from the word "diagnose". It is to determine or distinguish what the students know and does not know. It typically happens at the start of the school year or new phase of education. The test covers topics to be taught to students in the upcoming lessons.
Teachers use diagnostic testing information to guide what and how they teach. Like what skills the students struggled with most so the teacher spend more time on it. On the other hand, if the students did particularly well on that skill, they may cover that content more quickly in class. Students are not expected to have mastered all the information in a diagnostic test.
It can also be a helpful tool for parents for them to know what kind of content their children will be focusing and antipacipate which skills or areas they may have trouble with.
2. Formative Test
This type of test is informal. It is used to gauge student learning during the lesson. It is used thoughout a lecture and designed to give the students the opportunity to demonstrate that they have understood the lesson. This test gives the teacher an information as basis if she continues or reteach the lesson or proceed to the next topic. For example 75% of the class passed the formative test, the teacher will proceed to the next lesson. Whereas, if the 74% and below, the teacher needs to reteach or continue the lesson in order for the students to fully understand the topic.
3. Periodical or Quarterly or Final Examination
These tests are given to all students in a classroom, or school, so that everyone has an equal opportunity to demostrate what they know and what they can do as what they have learned for the whole quarter or month. Some schools administer this quarterly while others monthly. The students are expected to demostrate their ability to perform at a level prescribed as the proficiency standard for the test. This test covers the content and skills for the entire month or quarter. After taking this test, the teacher will be able to compute the student's grade for that particular quarter.
4. Summative Test
This test is sometimes referred as chapter test. This is used as a checkpoint at the end of each chapter to assess how much content or skill the students learned.
Summative test's scores are recorded and included in computing grades.
Types of Tests
1. Written Tests
- Multiple Choice
- Alternative Response Type
- Matching Type
- Completion Type
- Mathematical Questions
2. Oral Tests
3. Physical Fitness Tests
4. Performance Tests
How to Take a Test
Taking a test can be very stressful and scary thing, but it is somethingthat everyone must do from time to time. Making high marks on your tests is important because your grades will assist you in determining what kind of college you get into and, eventually, what kind of job you'll be able to get.
The result depends on your readiness. Being a good test taker is a very useful skill because it can reduce the amount of time needed for preparation and the level of anxiety you feel about test taking.
Here are the things to do:
- Preview theTest. Read the whole test before you start. Look it over carefully first. Listen for any additional instructions or comments the teacher gives and write in changes when appropriate. Read the directions and questions very carefully. Slow down, take your time, and don't panic.
- Taking the Test. Write legibly. Make sure your penmanship or your answersare clear and readable. Keep a rythm of underlining words or marking items that you get stuck on. If you struggle on a particular question, skip it. But don't forget to come back to it later. When it comes to multiple choice questions, it is better to guess than to leave it blank. Leaving it blank does not give you a chance of getting it right. Usually, the longest answer among the choices is the correct answer. Avoid making two answer in one item. There is almost always one correct answer. Eliminate wrong answers will greatly increase your chances of guessing the right answer. Pay attention for repeated answers or patterns.
- Think Strategically. Start on the questions that are worth the most points first, all other things being equal. Usually, the easy questions are found at the last and the difficult ones at the start. So, start with the easy ones. Skip the item that you are struggling than wasting your time focusing on one item. You can come back to it later. If you finish early, look through the items or words with markings or the items. Review your answer if you still have time. Don't panic whenever the teacher or proctor reminds the time remaining. Keep moving through the test. Don't cheat. You could get caught, and get a zero. Avoid talking to seatmates or friends while taking the test. Talking could hinder you from concentrating the test and it is a waste of time. Teachers consider talking during a test as an attempt to cheating. So don't do it.
- Be a Proactive. Make a thorough study anything that your teacher took great pains to teach in class. If your teacher gives you a sudy guide or pointers to review, make sure you can answer questions about everything. It can be a great hint for you in knowing what to study. Being attentive in class and studying the everyday lessons give you an effortless study for the test. It will be easy to study that content. Don't pretend that you understand the lesson if you don't. You can ask the teacher about what you are struggling with. Make a good study habits. It would be easy for you to review the content if you study each lesson discussed everyday. While studying just before the test, write down very basic notes on what you find hardest to remember.
- Make a Pre-Test Routine. Prepare what you will wear and the things you need to bring the night before. This will give you more have time in the examination day. You can run through your notes again if you have much time. Sleep early and rise early. Make sure you have a good night's sleep the night before. Don't cram. Don't rush. Eat a healthy meal. You should come with your tummy full so you can focus on the test. Come fully prepared. Bring everything you need. Arrive early so you can choose your best seat.
- Finally, pray for guidance. Ask God's blessing, peace of mind, wisdom and success. It is natural to pray before difficult situations, and many people have found comfort in prayer before a test. Sometimes, the pressure of a looking exam can seem overwhelming. Praying before an exam enables us to gain perspective on our life.