Revision Tips-How to study & revise effectively in exams perspective
Are you preparing for exam or about to appear for exam? Then the tip to succeed in exams is "Revise and revise and revise" is the best option to score well.
But how to revise is a thoughtful question. This article assumes that you are an ardent reader willing to achieve good scores or grades and not just a passer willing to pass the tests :-).
Revision plays a prominent role in preparation of school, college or other entrance exams. Once syllabus is covered, revision is a mandatory requirement for better scoring.
If one had not covered 100% of syllabus but only 70% or so, still he/has to revise what syllabus has been covered.
It may even be useless to have covered vast syllabus and going for test or exams without proper revision. Because, all that vast topics you have covered might have leaked out of your memory unless you revised them well.
Why revision ?
Revision has certain qualities like
The more number of times you revise the better is your confidence and scoring chances.
♦ You get further clarity, thought, understanding and also interest in the subject or topic you study by revision.
♦ Revision enhances memory of the subject in terms of formulas, structures (biology, chemistry), diagrams (in biology, physics, geography etc.), steps of derivations (in physics, maths), topic,etc.
♦ It gives you command over the topics which are complex, vaguely or incompletely known to you. Your standards may rise to the extent that you may be able to derive the formula you forgot just before answering.
♦ Revision increases the rate of problem solving. i.e your ability to answer the number of problems of physics, maths, chemistry etc. in limited amount of time. This helps you buy time to answer more questions in the given time and also think of ways to solve unanswerable questions.
♦ If you think all the attributes mentioned above due to revision are required then one might not ask why revision is necessary.
You may also read
How to Revise or Tips on Revision for exam.
The mode of revision depends upon the topic or subject we are about to cover.
Secondly try to understand the concept besides mugging up. This can be a big mistake for any student in lifetime if you don't understand the concept.
English language revision:
Mistakes occur in grammar so you need to be clear of the basics like noun, verbs, adjectives, and where and what participles to be used etc.
You need to solve many exercises to get habituation and also grip in grammar.
If you need to write an essay, you need to read the main components and actual meaning of the story to put it in your own words and ideas when asked.
Or if you need to write an essay on any current political topic or so then you need to frame your own ideas around the topic and present it with an introduction of the topic followed by elaborate body with past and present happenings as you do in persuasive topics. Try to give optimistic conclusion.
It's even better to use the grammar you study in your daily English while speaking to others.
We generally have a bad memory for chemical formulas, reactions, valency of elements, chemical structures, nature of the compounds etc in chemistry.
Making mistakes because of the above reasons is always eminent, but a simple mistake changes the meaning of entire reaction. So
During revision view the periodic table and familiarise with it frequently.
Understand the basic difference between terminology like atomic weight, atomic number, element, compound, acid, base, salt, isotopes, isobars etc.
Practise the reactions involving using combinations. Refer to the reactions having isotopes emission particles etc. in nuclear chemistry.
Familiarise the stoichiometry principles of equalisation, clarify the differences of first order, second order, exothermic, endothermic and other types in writing the reactions.
Be thorough in the valency of organic and inorganic elements, it helps you make no mistakes in representation of reactions. Even write them on your own during revision to see for possible mistakes.
Solve the problems and exercises after revising the formulas and even practise derivations and structures of stereo-chemistry by clarity during revision.
To revise Physics
In Physics we make mistakes in derivations, fundamental units representing force, surface tension etc, problems & exercise solving. So get thorough with them
In objective type competitive exams we mess up with finding right way to solve and using suitable formula to get the answer. This drastically consumes valuable time leading to less scoring.
So during revision, better have your own hand written class notes for all the derivations and problems.
Try to familiarise the derivation based on diagrammatic representation and also the way of flow of steps to the end point.
This diagrammatic picture or view helps you recall the answer well and drawing them in the exam enhances your score. Ex: Geostationary satellite velocity- which can be easily derived with proper drawing & understanding instead of mug up.
Revise and learn physics with better understanding and getting clarity of the topic makes you a master in it.
During revision for objective type tests try to answer the problems or exercises by visualisation and the possibility reasoning to solve it. Memorising the formulas can give ways for solving these problems as you feel.
To revise theoretical subjects
Theoretical subjects like biology, medicine and other social sciences. require more of memorisation besides understanding. So
Try to revise the topic using a diagram or picture concerned so that you remember the topic well in connection with it.
Biology: Revision is of prime importance in biology branches like zoology, botany, biochemistry, microbiology you have varied topics. But in general topics like cell biology, cell metabolism, cell function etc are similar in all the branches. So being thorough in these helps you frequent revision of these topics for other branches.
In Zoology: You may face problems in different classes of animal, their sub-divisions like mammals, reptiles, aves (birds), fishes, amphibians, reptiles, insects etc. They have differences in organ system, tissues, arrangement, mechanisms of physiology, metabolisms, So you may need to be clear with these concepts paying special emphasis. Even vertebrates and non-vertebrates differences need to be clear. Even practice of diagrams helps you memorize the anatomy and physiology.
In Botany: Here you come across different classes of plants which have differences in their life span, seedling or reproduction method etc. The toughest part comes in biochemistry like photosynthesis, respiration etc. Here advice is try to understand the complex chemical changes happening by discussion with your friends. It will be not only amazing but also interesting to know how plants survive :-). Then practice the steps in kreb' s cycles (carbohydrates pathway) and other cycles in their biochemistry. If not you may not be able to answer without mistakes.
Revise the scientific and medical terminology along with its meaning as this can enhance memory of the term. Familiarize with concerned scientists names.
In Science many terms are of Greek or other origin :-)
Try to learn with some clues and image visualization. (EX; In SYNERGY- 'syn' means together & 'erg' means energy).
Practise the diagrams as you may need to draw, label and explain while answering. The diagrams help to enhance the scores or marks awarded for the answer.
In Sociology, Psychology, economics, History, Law, religion etc.
These subjects require mug up of the topics but trying to link them to some situation, persons, behaviour, places etc makes them remember and explain them easily during exam.
If subject is of Law, history, arts etc. then try to have some signs or symbols sort to remember the dates of history and rules of the law. And try to discuss the topics among your friends and groups so as to familiarise the points.
Ex: British was defeated in american revolution and by Tipu sultan in India arround 1781.
For Maths and Stats revision
Then best way as every one says, practise-practise-practise. But tips to consider
Formulas; make a note of them on a plain paper and fix them before your bed or sort :-) so as to view them frequently and memorise them. Because if you remember the formulas possibly the problem solving is half done.
In mathematical problems you need to understand the flow of steps towards the answer but not mug-up the steps. Because if you forget even a single step you may stop solving it. If you try to flow steps towards answer you can find one way on your own and also remember the step better.
Try even answering new problems from question banks, past papers etc.
Stats calculation is time consuming in spite of use of calculators so answer others before statistical related problems.
This not only builds your confidence but also trains your mind to solve the problems faster.
Techniques to revise effectively
Understand the concept! and don't just mug. This is a big mistake made by many school going students till the mind maturity. Understanding the concept shows you the actual sweetness of the subject and makes you perceive even more of the subject with enthusiasm.
The difference between mugging and understanding is that, mugging is a memorising aspect while understanding is realsing the facts about the subject or topic with its related prior knowledge.
Revise as many times as possible the entire subjects.
Try to decrease the time for every revision from the previous revision.
Have fixed time and dates to cover revision part by part.
Once you revise try to answer a previous question paper i.e. past papers to see your progress.
Some subjects may not be liked by us but try to accept that they are to be mastered for good scoring.
Use same notes or books or study material for all the revisions because the page of the book also strikes in memory during answering the questions asked.
Last but not least there is no substitute for hard preparation and excitement and enthusiasm in revision
Some of the leading websites for online revision include.
BBC-Bite size, S-cool, edexcel, CGP etc. OCR (revision guru) for business management.