ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Tips to Write an Annotated Bibliography

Updated on March 17, 2019
Source

Before we delve deep in the concept How to write an annotated bibliography? Let’s first discuss in brief what is an annotated bibliography? These remarks are also known as annotations. Now we come to the part, how to write an annotated bibliography? An annotated bibliography is comprised of two elements (a) citation (b) annotation.

Citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source. In other words, citation is the method of conveying your reader that material in your report, article or assignment has been picked from another source. It helps the readers to gain information required to revisit the source. It includes information about the author, the title of the work etc. The citation must be structured according to the nature of your report/assignment or as per the request of your professor. There are different citation styles in terms of location, order and syntax of information about references. Different citation styles are used for different study streams such as, for Social science APA style, Turabian (author date) and MLA (language studies and author page number) are used, Economics – Harvard style, Humanities- Chicago A (notation) Chicago B (author note), Turabian (for language study and notation), Law- OSCOLA (notation), Hard sciences-IEEE (Numeric), Medicine-AMA (numeric) and NLM, chemistry-ACS (numeric, author page number and notation), social studies-AAA (numeric), political science-APSA (author date) and Technical studies-ABNT (numeric and author date)

Annotation: an annotation is mostly a paragraph long comprising of 150-300 words. But it is advised to adhere to the guideline of your assignment as it may have a different requirement in terms of length of the annotation. An annotation generally incorporates following information:

  • A short and precise synopsis of the source
  • The core strength and weaknesses of the source
  • Conclusion
  • Citing the relevance of the source in assignment or report
  • Source’s connection with other research in the same field
  • The information regarding the background of the source’s author
  • And your own inference about the source

Annotation is of two types: summary annotation and evaluation annotation

  • Summary annotation: explains the source by providing answers to the questions like, who is the author of the document, what the document discusses about, where and when it was written, why the document was written, and through which medium it was published. This focuses mainly on the description of the source.
  • Evaluation annotation: It includes the aforementioned summary and apart from summary it critically evaluates the authenticity, quality and relevance of the source. Evaluation annotation helps you understand your topic better, contributes in the development of thesis statement, helps in deciding whether the particular source is relevant to your assignment or not, also it is instrumental in assessing how much the given information is enough to complete your assignment. This focuses on description as well as evaluation of the source.

Fundamental tips that come handy in writing and formatting:

  • Each annotation should be at least a paragraph long (150-300 words)
  • Begin with the same format as an orderly Work cited list
  • All lines should be doubled spaced and no extra line should be added in between the citation
  • You can organize the long list of citations by the topic
  • Try to be precise and objective, provide explanation in case you present an opinion
  • Use third person (he, she or the author) instead of first person (I, me, myself)

The most widely used way of annotated bibliography is MLA style format

MLA style format

The Modern Language Association (MLA) is an organization which developed the MLA format. Also known as the MLA style, was developed as a technique for researchers, students and scholars in the literature and language domain to make use of uniform mode to format papers and assignments. This consistent style of evolving the content in MLA format make the report or assignment easy to read. In 2016, the Modern language Association added the 8th and the latest addition to their Handbook. This Handbook furnishes exhaustive guidelines on MLA format citing, and procedure of submitting work that follows the rules and standards of the Modern Language Association.

The guide includes following segments:

  • Paper choice – this segment focuses on the type of paper to be used for printed submission.
  • MLA caption instruction – there are two ways to create MLA caption (a) to place the MLA heading on the top of the page. (b) create a title page
  • Organizing head and page number – it is to be placed in the top right corner of every page in the project. It comprises of Author’s last name followed by space and then the page number.
  • Margins – one-inch margin should be used around the page.
  • Paragraphs – first word of each paragraph should be indent and each sentence should begin from half inch from the left margin.
  • Quotations – to make your argument strong or prove a point, it is a must to add quotations in your assignment. Words of the quote belong to the person who wrote or spoke them, so it’s important to give credit to that individual by adding an “MLA format in text citation” in the body of the assignment.
  • Paraphrases – It refers to picking information from other source and adding it to your assignment by molding the language in your own style of writing but since the material picked still belong to someone else, it is necessary to give credit the source by using proper MLA format
  • Spacing – MLA research paper format requires double spaced lines
  • Font and Font size – MLA paper prefers any font type which is easy to read.
  • Punctuations – such as commas, concluding sentences with punctuation mark and starting the next sentence after one space.
  • Abbreviations – it is recommended to spell out the abbreviations in their full words and meaning as the Modern Language Association does not use abbreviations often.
  • Numbers - as per the requirement of the project use numbers in form of numerals.
  • Images, tables and musical score.
  • Lists
  • MLA works cited format
  • MLA citation format
  • Binding
  • Edits
  • Submission
  • Sample paper


© 2019 Sammy Collins

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)