How Technology affect Modern Education in 10 Ways? - The Technological Learners
One may recall a classic classroom setting characterized as a passive learning environment where a teacher provides instruction and discussion. In front of her are students – silently on their seats - attentively listening and taking down notes. Back then, educational technology were only limited to paper and pencil, reference books, white boards and most realia. But with the advent of educational technology and the millennial generation, it has become crystal clear to the educators that simply tapping the computer keyboard is not just enough.
For the past several years, technology has developed greatly to accommodate and meet the needs of the new generation of students – that is the technological learners. It is an undeniable fact that these developments have brought whooping changes in the educational arena. So here, I have list down How Technology affect Education in 10 ways.
1. The Internet
Did you know?
The internet was initially created and designed by a U.S Department of Defense agency to meet the needs and demands brought upon by the Cold War.
I am certain no one will dare deny the massive significant change in education brought by the introduction of internet. Now, it serves its purpose as a very dynamic technology that provides an enormous amount of data and educational information directly accessible and useful to the students. Multimedia encyclopedias, reference books, educational videos and tutorials, name it and you will be surprised how the use of internet has extensively mold education now.
2. Hypermedia or Multimedia
The past generations of learners have received academic instruction and educational information in a logical and sequential manner and this is through the use of linear media. A great example of a linear medium is a book. We intend to read a book from front page down to its back cover, flipping the pages from beginning to end, obtaining instruction and information in sequential manner thus a book is a linear medium. However, since the introduction of educational technology, linear media have all been replaced by hypermedia. In contrast to linear media, hypermedia is sequenced in a non-linear manner. Therefore, the learning can start anywhere in the medium and this is heavily influenced by the student's interest and/or motive. This is great for students because they can choose his/her own learning path.
In education, hypermedia or multimedia is an educational computer software that includes more than one type of instructional medium. Tutorial software packages, knowledge webpages, simulation instructional games and learning project management are IT applications considered as hypermedia. The advantage of using hypermedia in learning or instruction is that it promotes self-dependence and enhances meta-cognitive skills among the students.
3. Emergence of Schools Online
The limitless use of the internet has paved its way for the development of online education. Yes, one way how technology affects education is through the emergence of schools online.
Every single year, the number of educational institutions offering online courses has increased, providing an ever convenient education. This also provides a real-time virtual learning-teaching environment to students who live far away from schools.
Not only this is preferred by distant-learners but also by students who are busied by their personal careers.
What is e-Learning?
e-Learning otherwise most commonly referred to as online learning or online education is learning associated with the use of technological media such as computers, mobile devices and such.
Taking a course online is an example of e-learning.
4. Social Learning
Traditional educational system is one marked with heavy emphasis on independent learning. This is where students are encouraged to develop initiative and time-management while getting through the learning curve. However today, with the integration of technology in the educational system, students have now become social learners. As a direct result of technological innovation, students today have learned to take advantage of the seamless method of communication. The sharing of ideas and transfer of learning and educational information do not just happen at school premise but are now also observed through texts, e-mails and online classrooms. It is not surprising now that learning also happens in social media sites such as YouTube and Facebook.
5. Technology in Schools - As a Tutor System
Technologies are designed with organization and efficiency to make the lives of people so much better. In education, technology is also used as a classroom tutor for which it is not only successful in providing an individualized learning environment but also successful in relieving the teacher of many classroom responsibilities. It is important to take note though that, computers as tutor systems can never totally replace a teacher of his/her roles.
"Technology will never replace great teachers, but technology in the hands of great teachers is transformational "— George Couros
One great example of a technology as a tutor system is FORPHEUS – a robot designed to provide table tennis lesson and assessment. This state-of-the-art technological innovation is not available yet in the market though but here is a list of some tutor systems already used in Education:
- Algebra Tutor
- Mathematics Tutor
6. Technology in Schools - as an Aid
Another way how technology affects education is the utilization of technology as an educational aid. Today, it has become relatively easy for teachers to deliver learning instructions, concepts and knowledge with the aid of technology. Now, one can conveniently organize a lesson through a PowerPoint presentation, reinforce learning by providing tables and graphs and provide hand-outs to make sure students have something to read at home. Here are some other technologies teachers used to aid in education:
- film strips
- audio recordings
- educational DVD’s
- projectors and
- interactive whiteboards.
7. eBook, kindle, eLibrary
Which reading material do you like to read?
Along with the positive things that technology has contributed in today’s educational system, it is not unbeknownst to people that these come with negative implication as well (at least as what others would think). The convenience brought upon by mobile technologies makes way for the apparent death of textbooks. This is all the more true because eBooks (for one) are more affordable, can be easily accessed and what’s more, weightless. The internet is also rich in information. In fact, the internet has now become an extension of the school’s library. Whatever you may find in a book is surely on the internet as well.
Apparently, some educational research studies argued that readers of printed texts acquire and retain knowledge better than those who read texts on screen. While some other studies also declared that there is no significant difference in knowledge acquisition and retention. The bottom line is, our reading and search for knowledge is heavily influenced by our personal interest and motive. While some say printed textbooks are better, I say go for green.
8. Roles of the Students and Teachers
Integration of technology in the classroom also affects the roles of the students and teachers. Before, when there was little technological integration in education, teachers were burdened with a lot of classroom responsibilities. The teacher’s role used to be very extensive, from the curriculum design to lesson planning, development of test questionnaires to assessment and evaluation, add to that classroom management of 20-30 unique personalities with different motivations and learning styles. No wonder, traditional classroom was then characterized as teacher-centered which in effect made the students become passive learners. However, now that teachers have realized and utilized the benefits of technology in education, classroom setting has become student-centered. Teachers have become facilitators of learning and students have become more participative and interactive
9. Technology as a learning environment.
With the advancement of technology in education, a student can now experience a more realistic approach in learning. Virtual reality extension systems can provide a spectacular real-life images and scenarios to simulate real life activities – making learning more direct and substantial. This method is greatly utilized and best used in naval and aviation training and most especially in space training.
10. Education for All
Different students are different learners. While others work best in collaboration, some would prefer to work alone. Some retains more information through reading, while some retains more by listening. Indeed, a normal 21st century classroom is one consists of varied learners with different learning styles and way of thinking. Making sure to leave an intellectual impact on all these students prove to be the biggest problem educators are now facing. However, the wide variety of educational tools brought upon by human ingenuity in technological innovation has helped overcome this particular problem, thus providing a better and well-suited learning environment to learners and educators of this generation.
A Quick Summary
Here are 10 ways How Technology affect Education:
- Internet provides a massive amount of educational information.
- Hypermedia promotes student's self-dependence and enhances his/her meta-cognitive skills.
- Technology offers the convenience of distant-learning.
- Technology makes the students become social learners.
- Technology as tutors in education.
- Technology as an aid in education.
- E-books, eLibrary and internet as an extension of the school library.
- Roles of the students and teachers.
- Technology as a learning environment.
- Technology makes education for all.
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© 2017 Lanao G