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5 Indian Scientists You Must Know About

Updated on August 3, 2013
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

Born in Thiruvanaikaval, Chennai on 7 November 1888, Raman was an Indian physicist who received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for his work on the scattering of light. He discovered that when light travels through a transparent meduim, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is the result of Raman effect.

He was one of the most influential personality who lead a remarkable growth of science in India. He remained an inspiration for a generation of Indian scientist like Abdus Salam and Chandrashekar.

The Dream of Symmetry

Muhammad Abdus Salam

Born in Jhang, Punjab (now in Pakistan) on 29 January 1926, Salam was a theoretical physicist who shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979 for his contribution to electroweak unification (a unified description of the two of the four fundamental interactions of nature; electromagnetism and weak interactions. This contribution is considered as a pioneering step toward the Theory of Everything. He became the first Muslim and the first Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize and therefore was an influential in the growth of sciences in both the Muslim World and Pakistan.

The most extensively researched and comprehensive biography that I found was "Cosmic Anger" by Gordon Fraser. The author presents Salam as a staunch Muslim who was ashamed of the decline of science in the heritage of Islam, and struggled doggedly to restore it to its former glory. Undermined by the his excommunication, these valiant efforts were doomed.

The documentary "The Dream of Symmetry" is also partially narrated by Gordon Fraser.

Pakistan's only Nobel Prize winner, Prof. Abdus Salam (in topcoat), Khalid Hasan (r), Altaf Gauhar (l), London 1979.
Pakistan's only Nobel Prize winner, Prof. Abdus Salam (in topcoat), Khalid Hasan (r), Altaf Gauhar (l), London 1979.

Hargobind Khorana

Born on 9 January 1922, Khorana was a biochemist who shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1968 for the research that helped to show how the nucleotides in nucleic acids control the cell's synthesis of protein. This contributed to and made possible the development of the promising field of Genetics.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Born on 19 October 1910 Chandrashekhar was a nephew of the Chnadrashekehar Raman and an Indian-American astrophysicist. He shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983 for the key discoveries about the later evolutionary stages of massive stars.

The Chandrasekhar limit is named after him. The Chandra X-Ray Observatory was launched in 1999 which is one of the world's biggest of its kind. It has been described as being as revolutionary to astronomy as Galileo's first telescope.

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Born in 1952, "Venki'' is an Indian born British and American structural biologist who shared Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2009 for studies of the structure and function of the ribosomes.


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      supravi 2 years ago

      nice info i love it

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      hanumandlu 2 years ago

      nice, wonderful i want full information

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      sophia 2 years ago

      i like you

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      sophia 2 years ago

      excellent matter i like it

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      sai Nithin 2 years ago

      Nothing matter in your .com their was no sufficient matter

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      Sanjay 3 years ago

      Nice list, More Indian scientist can be found here

    • profile image 4 years ago

      i like very much thank you

    • mirza shahzad profile image

      mirza shahzad 6 years ago from Germany

      Yes, This is just a first step. I would definitely like to write more about them.

    • Man from Modesto profile image

      Man from Modesto 6 years ago from Kiev, Ukraine (formerly Modesto, California)

      It is a good looking hub. I would like to see more on what exactly it is they invented, and why it was important. That is what I was hoping to read.