The “Tsunami”, a Japanese word is composed of two elements. The first element “Tsu” means harbor and the other element “Nami” means waves. Thus, it’s English translation is “Harbour Waves”. This word was little known to a common man till 26th December 2004. But now this word is well-known around he world as an expression of horror and havoc, disaster and destruction.
Although, cyclones, hurricanes, floods and droughts are such natural calamities against which man is helpless to some extent. Earthquakes, being beyond the limits of its forecast in time, cause great disaster within minutes and sometimes within seconds. Tsunami is much-more disastrous than earthquake for its intensity of obliterating force. It has the power to change a living prosperous city into dead civilization.
FACTS ABOUT TSUNAMI:
Oceanographers use the term tsunami foe seismic waves because they are caused by sudden rise or fall of the part of the earth crust deep under the ocean bed or near it. A tsunami is not a single tidal wave but a series of waves that can travel across the ocean at a speed of 800 kilometers per hour. When a tsunami enters the shallow waters of coastline, its velocity slows down but height of the waves increases up to 30 to 50 meters and strikes the shore with devastating force, washing away everything in its way.
Probably, the most disastrous tsunami, in recorded history, occurred in August 1883, when a sleeping volcano erupted in Krakatau causing great damage to life and property.
26TH DECEMBER A BLACK DAY:
26th December 2004, will be recorded as a black day in the history of Asia and Africa for witnessing the destruction of the greatest earthquake in the last forty years, that occurred near the north –western Indonesian island, Sumatra, in the Indian Ocean of 9.0 magnitude. These severe tremors under the sea generated great deadly waves, as high as ten meters and within one and half an hour, these giant waves hit the coastlines of Srilanka and Indian like a monster. It was the forth strongest quake since the recording of magnitude began in 1889. All these four quakes produced tsunamis and caused great destruction.
DEATH DISASTERS AND DESTRUCTION:
The morning of 29th December 2004, brought deaths, disasters and destruction in Indonesia, Srilanka, India, Thailand, Maldives, Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Somalia, Tanzania and Kenya. The catastrophic tsunami waves, almost wiped out the coastal areas of these countries and gulped down about 2, 94, 000 people. According to the latest report, about 5 million people have become homeless.
This Tsunami had its worst impact on Indonesia, Srilanka, India and Thailand. Massive destruction also created a horrific sight of uncountable dead bodies scattered from Indonesia to Thailand and Srilanka to India under and over the debris.
It was indeed, a calamity of international magnitude. In the period of trial, the whole international community sent aid, assistance and rescue teams with doctors, food, clothing and tents etc. the government of Pakistan also sent relief goods in order to share miseries of the affected people.
In the wake of recent tsunami disasters, nothing id left in the affected areas but debris and dead bodies, destruction and devastation, distress and dismay, tears and torrents.
“If Allah implies you with a calamity there is none to remove it but He Himself. Likewise, if He wills to bestow a favor on you, there is none to withhold his bounty.”
(Al-Quran Surah Younus – Ayat: 107)