Two Strong Ways Used by Gandhi in the Freedom Struggle of India
India was under the control of colonial power for many years. British ruled India for around 200 years. After one year of the British rule, a great and first most powerful movement arose in India in the year 1857, which is popularly known in many names. Later there witnessed a series of national movement in India. With the influences of British, Indian society was changed many things. Gradually Indian society lost its purity of tradition and entered in to a modernization era. One of the most important changes was the system of potential administration. Later, in 1885 Indian National Congress, a great Indian political party was formed. Then Muslim League and all other small parties also arose. Actually these parties accompanied all Indian citizens to attain a common motto of getting freedom. Further along with these parties, many social and political leaders arose not only in Indian but also from outside the continent. Gandhi was one of the most important and popular leaders arose after the First World War. It was vital historical time in India because Gandhi was leads the two major movements in India against colonialists. The ideology of Gandhi came in the labels of ‘Non- cooperation Movement’, ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ and finally the ‘Quit India Movement’. These were the most revolutionary movements lead by Gandhi in India.
Non- cooperation Movement
Non – corporation Movement was one of the first tools used by Gandhi as a part of freedom struggle. Further Indian National Congress also provided their valuable support for this movement. So, the movement created notable impacts all around the country. The movement was launched in 1920 and continued till 1922 until the changing of movement in to a new form called Swaraj. As the part of the movement, Indians didn’t cooperate with the British government. Further Gandhi said to abolish the foreign made goods and argued to wear Khadi, which is made by Indians.
Gandhi also said to avoid the titles and degrees given by British government. Many personalities disagreed with their titles and government jobs given by colonialists. In short, the movement went very strongly until the event occurred in Chawri Chaura. There a fight occurred between police and local people. Immediately Gandhi was arrested and gradually the movement lost its potential strength. But it created a great change in the freedom struggle of India and also it was a successful movement in many respects.
This was another weapon used by Gandhi in Indian politics. Since, British government exploited Indians in all the fields including economical, political, social etc, Gandhi introduced civil disobedience to lead a movement. During this time farmers were exploited by collecting huge amount of taxes and by squeezed their wealth. So, Gandhi introduced this idea and addressed the public to disobey the rules and regulations of government without doing any things against peace. Any way the movement got wide popularity from all the segments of the society including farmers and other ordinary people. The vital technique adopted by Gandhi for the success of the civil disobedience was nothing, but he said for the public that, don’t attack any government offices and follow a peaceful environment.
Gandhi became a vital leader in Indian National Congress after the First World War since Gandhi considered as the social and political leader knowing for all over India. He led the popular movements like Non – Corporation movement and civil disobedience. These movements were the two major ways or methods used by Gandhi to strengthen the freedom struggle all over India.