- Education and Science
Types Of Nouns
A noun is a word or a term which refers to a name, a place or any thing. It is hard to exactly define nouns but to understand their job in the language they are simple called as terms that define a name of any person, place or any non living things. Some emotions are also put under the category of nouns.
To further understand them, they are divided into different types. Below are the types of nouns:
These are the nouns that refer to general and common things. The things that come under this type are the things that do not belong to a specific category and are common to all.
Most of the things that we use daily come under the category of common nouns. For example: Computer, car, table etc are common nouns.
Places and animals can also be common nouns For example: A hotel or a hospital or a restaurant or common places. Here we are not talking about a specific hospital or a restaurant but we are talking about hospitals and restaurants in general. Similarly a dog, cat, horse etc are common nouns.
Other places such as cities, countries and towns are common nouns. An article is mostly placed before common nouns when they are in singular form For example:
“I saw a car.” and “This is the car that I saw yesterday.”
In both the cases car is a common noun but it’s the article before the noun that defines it specificity in the second statement.
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Words and terms that refer to a specific person or a place are the proper nouns. The word man is a common noun as it refers to the general category man which can include any man on this planet but if we give a name to any man it becomes a proper noun. For example:
“I saw a man” and “I saw Michael”
In the first statement man is a common noun and in the second statement, although Michael is a man, since it refers to a specific person it becomes a proper noun. Similarly country or a city is a common noun but America, Pakistan, Madrid etc are proper nouns.
The proper nouns always begin with a capital letter and an article is never placed before it.
When some thing exists in more than one form we call it as plurals and the terms that specify the amount of something are the countable nouns. The commonly used countable nouns are: most, many, several and few. Numbers such as six, ten, twelve etc are also countable nouns. For example:
“There was a book on the table” and “there were books on the table”
Here in the first statement there is a single book on the table and in the second statement it is only clear that more then one book is present, how many books are on the table can not be said using the information in the second statement. Now if we say:
“There are four books on the table” or “There are many books on the table” or “There are few books on the tables” then in the given statements four, many and few are countable nouns. Where four tells us the precise amount of books, many and few roughly tells us how many books are there on the table.
The collective nouns are terms that appear singular but represent a set of things together. For example: A bouquet is a singular word which means a set of same or different flowers. Similarly a herd, colony, community, society etc are the collective nouns. These terms are however treated as singular and an article is placed before them.
Things, objects, animals or places that can be seen, heard and touched are the concrete nouns. For example: a car, a cat, a building, book, table etc are the concrete nouns.
Things that can not be seen, heard or touched and can only be felt are the abstract nouns. Emotions and feelings are put in this category. For example: Hatred, anger, hunger, jealousy etc are abstract nouns.
Words that take place of the name of a person are called the pronouns. These include: I, he, she, they, we, you, us, them, his, her and it. For example:
“Sara is a good singer and she has participated in many competitions.”
“Ali and Amna are best friends; they have been together for twelve years.”
“Maria and her long hair.”
Here all the underlined words are pronouns.