ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Types Of Steel And Uses

Updated on January 1, 2011

Steel is basically an alloy of iron and carbon with a small percentage of other metals such as nickel, chromium, aluminum, cobalt, molybdenum, tungsten etc.  Steel is a hard ductile and malleable solid and is probably the most solid material after plastic and iron.

If we draw a comparison between iron and steel, we find steel in many ways even better than iron. Steel may not be as strong as iron is but it far more resistant and does not corrode and gets rusted like iron does.

There are many different types of steel classified on the basis of the type of metal used and the percentage content of the metal in the particular type of steel.

Below given are some commonly used types of steel:

High-Carbon Steel Blade
High-Carbon Steel Blade

High-Carbon Steel

Carbon steel is simply composed of iron and carbon with a more percentage of carbon in it than the iron.

It is probably the most commonly used type of steel. The presence of excess carbon makes this type of steel is softer than the other types of steel which contain some percentage of other elements as well.

Carbon steel is mostly used in the making of wood cutting tools because they can be sharpened easily. However it cannot be used in the making of tools used for the cutting of hard substances because it is not hard enough for that purpose. It is also used in the making of axes, swords, scissors and other cutting tools.

Mild Steel Rings
Mild Steel Rings
Stainless Steel Utensils
Stainless Steel Utensils

Mild Steel

The mild carbon steel just like the high carbon steel is simply composed of iron and carbon but it has a very low content of carbon in it.

This steel is used in the making of vehicle frames, panels, boxes, cases and sheet metal for roofs. It is now also used as a replacement for wrought iron in the making railroad rails.

Medium Carbon Steel

The medium carbon steels have a normal content of carbon that means that they are not as hard as the high carbon and neither are they as strong the Mild carbon steel.

They are used in the making of tool frames and springs.

Stainless Steel

Stain less steel is the most resistant and commonly used steel of all the types. It apart from carbon contains 11% chromium and some amount of nickel. It is probably the most resistant steel of all the types.

Although all the types of steel are generally resistant to rust and corrosion, the stainless steel in particular is resistant to any sort of external attack. Even a scratch cannot stay on the surface of stainless steel.  

This steel is used in the making of crockery, wrist watches, kitchen utensils, cutlery and surgical equipments.

Hot steel pouring out of furnace.
Hot steel pouring out of furnace.
Steel Cable
Steel Cable

High Speed Steel

High speed steel is an alloy of steel which may consists of either of the following metals: tungsten, cobalt, molybdenum or chromium.

High speed steel is probably the toughest of all the types. The term high speed is given to it due to the fact that it has the ability to cut the metals.

And that is the reason it is used in the making of drills and tools and power saws.

The hardness and rigidity of high speed steel depends on the metal used in the making of the alloy and its percentage of composition in it.

Basically this steel is used in the making of tools that cut other metals.

Cobalt Steel

Cobalt is much like the high speed steel with an excess of cobalt present in it.

It is too like the high speed steel is used for drilling purposes.

It might not be as hard as the high speed steel is but it too can drill through certain types of metals. The drill tools made of cobalt steel have a touch of brown color.

Nickel Chromium Steel

Nickel chromium steel is has is a special type of steel which apart from being strong s also shock resistant therefore it is commonly used as an armor plate.

Aluminum Steel

Aluminum steel is smooth steel with a high content of aluminum. Because of its strong and smooth surface it is used in the making of furniture.

Chromium Steel

Chromium steels have a high content of chromium and are resistant to corrosion.

They are very strong, ensile and are elastic in nature. They are used in the making of Automobile and airplane parts.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      2 years ago

      So interesting and useful....thnx

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I like this

    • profile image

      King of King 

      8 years ago

      This data is very useful for me......

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      i like cheese


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)