ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

History of the USS Hornet

Updated on October 4, 2018

USS Hornet CV-8

The USS Hornet was a famous aircraft carrier in World War II. The USS Hornet was built by Newport News Shipbuilding Company and launched on December 14, 1940. The USS Hornet was commissioned in October of 1941.

On February 2, 1942, the USS Hornet took aboard two B-25 Mitchell bombers, which soon after putting to sea, launched from the deck of the USS Hornet. These bomber aircraft weren't ever used on aircraft carriers before. They were the beginnings of a test to see if bombers could be launched from an aircraft carrier.

Shangri La

After the B-25 tests from Norfolk Navy Station in Virginia, the USS Hornet sailed through the Panama Canal to Alameda, California, near Oakland and San Fransisco. Once at Naval Air Station Alameda, The USS Hornet was loaded with sixteen, B-25 Mitchell bombers.

Capt Marc Mitscher, of the USS Hornet was given orders to sail to within 460 miles of Japan so that the B-25's could launch a bombing raid commanded by Col Jimmy Doolittle. This was the to be the first bombing of mainland Japan.

Approximately 690 miles from Japan, the USS Hornet was spotted by a Japanese patrol boat and the B-25's had to launch earlier than was desired. None of the B-25's had enough gas to land at the designated landing strip in China because of the early launches. Most of the B-25's either crashed or ditched at sea. Most of the crewmen of the B-25's escaped with the help of the Chinese. The damage inflicted by the bombing raid wasn't extensive but did much to help morale for America, at that stage of the war. Later, when everyone wondered, what air base the B-25's had launched from: President Roosevelt told reporters: They came from Shangri-La.

Midway

In June of 1942 the USS Hornet participated in the Battle of Midway and aided in the destruction of four of Japan's carriers, which arguably turned the tide of the war in the Pacific. The USS Hornet's dive bombers and fighter escorts that were sent to battle the Japanese carriers had to ditch at sea because they flew in the wrong direction and ran out of gas.

The remaining bombers were shot down (all but one) because of no fighter escorts. However, this aided in occupying Japanese fighters long enough for other aircraft from other carriers to score hits. Later as the Japanese fleet retreated, the Hornet was able to help sink a cruiser, damage a destroyer and heavily damage another Japanese cruiser.

Solomon Islands

With several of the other US carriers damaged, the USS Hornet was the only available carrier in the South Pacific, late in 1942. The sea battles around the Solomon Islands were fierce. Joining up with the Hornet, the carrier Enterprise met Japanese forces in the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands. The USS Hornet's aircraft damaged three Japanese cruisers and one carrier, however, sustained much damage from attacking Japanese "Vals" Aichi D3A dive bombers and torpedo planes, B5N "kates" with one Aichi D3A actually hitting the Hornet.

Heavily damaged, the Hornet, began to be towed by an American cruiser but was hit again by another Japanese B5N. In an attempt to scuttle their own ship, the Hornet was torpedoed nine times and shot over 500 times with five inch rounds by two US destroyers. Japanese destroyers then moved in and delivered four torpedoes to the USS Hornet. The USS Hornet took everything "both sides" threw at her, and finally sank, on October 27th, 1942.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)