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Understanding Africa - Part 1

Updated on May 1, 2019

It is unarguably a fact that Africa is the second largest continent on planet earth covering about 6% of earth’s total surface area and about 20% of its land area and home to about 1.225 billion people. The continent is surrounded by Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Red sea to the north east, Indian Ocean to the south east and Atlantic Ocean to the west.

It has being documented that it is in Africa that the the early hominids and its ancestors were discovered about 7 million years ago making Africa and particularly central and East and central Africa making it the origin for Himinidae Clade (grate ape) and humans. Fossils including those of Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago.

The continent Africa is home to people of diverse ethnicities, cultures and about 1250-3000 native languages. It is in the late 19th century that most African countries gained independence from European countries with South Africa gaining full independence from British rule on 27th August 1994.

RATE
COUNTRY
SIZE
1
Algeria
2,381,741 sq km(919,595 sq mi)
2
Democratic Republic of the Cong
2,344,858 sq km(905,355 sq mi)
3
Sudan
1,861,484 sq km(718,723 sq mi)
4
Libya
1,759,540 sq km(679,362 sq mi)
5
Chad
1,284,000 sq km(495,755 sq mi)
6
Niger
1,267,000 sq km(489,191 sq mi)
7
Angola
1,246,700 km(481,354 sq mi)
8
Mali
1,240,192 sq km(478,841 sq mi)
9
South Africa
1,221,037 km (471,445 sq mi)
10
Ethiopia
1,104,300 km(426,373 sq mi)
11
Mauritania
1,030,700 sq km (397,955 sq mi)
12
Egypt
1,001,449 sq km(386,662 sq mi)
13
Tanzania
945,203 sq km(364,945 sq mi)
14
Nigeria
923,768 sq km(356,669 sq mi)
15
Namibia
825,418 sq km(318,696 sq mi)
16
Mozambique
801,590 sq km(309,496 sq mi)
17
Zambia
752,614 sq km(290,586 sq mi)
18
South Sudan
644,329 sq km(248,777 sq mi)
19
Somalia
637,657 sq km(246,201 sq mi)
20
Central African Republic
622,984 sq km(240,535 sq mi)
21
Madagascar
587,041 sq km (226,658 sq mi)
22
Botswana
581,726 sq km(224,606 sq mi)
23
Kenya
580,367 sq km(224,081 sq mi)
24
Cameroon
475,442 sq km (183,569 sq mi)
25
Morocco
446,550 sq km (172,414 sq mi)
26
Zimbabwe
390,757 sq km(150,872 sq mi)
27
Republic of the Congo
342,000 sq km (132,047 sq mi)
28
Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire)
322,460 sq km(124,503 sq mi)
29
Burkina Faso
274,000 sq km (105,792 sqmi)
30
Gabon
267,668 sq km(103,347 sq mi)
31
Guinea
245,857 sq km (94,926 sq mi)
32
Ghana
238,534 sq km (92,098 sq mi)
33
Uganda
236,040 sq km(91,136 sq mi)
34
Senegal
196,723 sq km (75,955 sq mi)
35
Tunisia
163,610 sq km (63,170 sq mi)
36
Malawi
118,484 km (45,747 sq mi)
37
Eritrea
117,600 sq km(45,406 sq mi)
38
Benin
112,622 sq km (43,484 sq mi)
39
Liberia
111,369 sq km (43,000 sq mi)
40
Sierra Leone
71,740 sq km(27,699 sq mi)
41
Togo
56,785 sq km (21,925 sq mi)
42
Guinea-Bissau
36,125 sq km (13,948 sq mi)
43
Lesotho
30,355 sq km (11,720 sq mi)
44
Equatorial Guinea
28,051 sq km (10,831 sq mi)
45
Burundi
27,830 sq km (10,745 sq mi)
46
Rwanda
26,798 sq km (10,347 sq mi)
47
Djibouti
23,200 sq km (8,958 sq mi)
48
Eswatini (Swaziland)
17,364 sq km (6,704 sq mi)
49
Gambia, The
10,380 sq km(4,008 sq mi)
50
Cape Verde
4,033 sq km(1,557 sq mi)
51
Comoros
2,235 sq km (863 sq mi)
52
Mauritius
2,040 sq km(788 sq mi)
53
Sao Tome and Principe
964 sq km(372 sq mi)
54
Seychelles
451 sq km(174 sq mi)

Comments

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    • FayDek profile imageAUTHOR

      Dennoh 

      11 months ago from Kenya Nairobi.

      thank you George for any questions please feel free to ask

    • profile image

      dkey 

      11 months ago

      good work

    • profile image

      GEORGE 

      11 months ago

      now i know of some countries Africa that i have never known existed.

      thanx

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