ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • History & Archaeology»
  • History of Europe

Unification of England; A very brief history

Updated on May 6, 2013
Map of the UK and the English Flag
Map of the UK and the English Flag

It is a surprise that England was every unified at all. They were completely outnumbered by other nations and their hierarchical methods made them an easy target. There was a constant battle of who had control of the land. When the people of the land were not fighting the outside invaders, they were fighting themselves. This caused them to be extremely vulernable. The country was often ruled by whom had the bigger fist.

An ancient celtic cross. The Celtic tribes had a very unique style of art
An ancient celtic cross. The Celtic tribes had a very unique style of art

Between 1,500 and 500 BC, Celtic tribes from Central Europe started to inhabit Britain, merging with the indigenous tribes of the area. Though the celtic tribes were hierarchal, they were divided into several tribes with no political unity. Warfare was common.
It was taken over in 43 BC, under the Roman Emperor Claudius, after a failed attempt by Julius Caesar. The Romans controlled almost the entire island, eventually getting most of the people to accept Roman rule.

A statue of a Roman soldier
A statue of a Roman soldier

With the decline of the Roman Empire, the Romans left the island in the 5th century to defend Rome.
The Celtic tribes started fighting against each other again. Then the Germanic tribes took over. This was not easy, since many of the Celtic tribes had created their own small kingdoms. There was constant warfare among the Celtic tribes and the Germanic tribes.

Everything started to settle down a little bit and then Vikings discovered the area in the 9th century. With the island unorganized and ununified, it was easy for the vicious Vikings to raid the island, killing, burning and capturing people along the way. There was more warfare and there were a few other people that ruled for short periods of time. The French Feudal system was adopted.

In 1066, William the Conqueror came over from France. There was more warfare. He ended up king when the self-crowned Earl of Wessex, Harold Godwinson was killed. The Feudal System helped to keep control. French was the official language, until 1362, when a strange mix of Anglo-Saxon, Norse, French and Latin languages (which developed into English) was of more dominance.
William's descendents still sit on the throne today.

English soldiers
English soldiers

There are more wars with other nations, including Spain and many civil wars fought. The Hundred Years War weakened the Feudal System, among other factors. The rule separated from the Roman Pope and the Church of England was established and a Monarchy was put in place, which really unified the country. They were no longer "under" any other rule, therefore the people of England became loyal to the King and his family.

What brought you to this article?

See results

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)