ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • History & Archaeology»
  • History of the Modern Era»
  • Twentieth Century History»
  • World War II

Forgotten War Story of WW2 E.S.B.R Historic Tribute Last Edition of Regiment Newspaper.

Updated on December 7, 2016

Engineer Special Brigade Shoulder Sleeve Insignia

E.S.B.R. Origins

  • Engineer special brigades were amphibious forces of the US army. At the beginning of World War II it was apparent that America would need a large strategic and tactical amphibious capacity. on February 1, 1943 the 4th Special Engineer Special Brigade was activated at Fort Devons. The 4th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment arrived in New Guinea on May 18, 1944 participating in assaults on Morotal Island sept 15 1944, Lingagayen Gulf jan 9 1945. Elements of the 4th included.
  • 594th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment.
  • 544th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment.
  • 534th Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment.
  • 564th Engineer Boat Maintenance Battalion
  • 264th Medical Battalion
  • 164th Ordnance Maintenance Company
  • 199th Quartermaster Gasoline Supply Company
  • 694th Truck Company
  • 3492 Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company.

Last Edition of the Beach Head Regiment Newspaper

544th E.S.B.R ( Morotai)

A brief look at the regimens major operations: At sunrise on the day September 15, 1944, naval aircraft Bombed and strafed the beaches and for 90 minutes navel guns and Rockets shelled the landing areas. At H hour buffaloes and LVT's invaded red beach and penetrated no more than 100 yards before being stopped by the dense jungle. Fifteen minutes after H hour personnel of the regiments waded ashore in water that was from 4 to 10 feet deep. When the assault troops landed, the beach area was cleared of the enemy except for occasional snipers. After landing, the shore battalion pulled stuck vehicles out of the soft coral of the beaches. We pushed roads through the jungle and cleared dump areas for unloading supplies for the regiment and the 31st infantry division. By nightfall 50% of the unloading was completed and the men then dug in for the night. For 45 days the regiment continued to clear the jungle, improve roads and unload supplies that were needed by both ground and air forces. During the regiment's stay at Morotai 83 enemy bombing and strafing raids occurred over the beach areas.

EBSR Receiving Supplies

544 E.S.B.R ( Lingayen Gulf)

Early dawn of S day January 9, 1945, the convoy arrived at Lingayen gulf intact and without having suffered major damage despite several suicide attacks made against it by Japanese aircraft. The pre-invasion air and Navel bombardment lasted from dawn until a few minutes before H hour. Fifteen minutes past H hour the advanced elements of the regiment landed on Crimson beach and were prepared to carry out their mission. The 544th was to provided security for Crimson, Yellow and LST beaches. We provided crews and craft to move cargo from ship to shore. Much to the surprise of everyone in the regiment, no contact was made with the enemy. Over 5000 tons of supplies of all types were unloaded by the regiment on S Day. the regiment moved to the Daguren river and began operating the port at this site.

4th E.S.B.

( Wakayama)

Immediately after peace was declared, the regiment was again alerted this time to land the 33rd division at Wakayama, Honshu Japan. The mission of the 544th upon landing was to organize the beach area, provide inshore service landing craft in objective area's for the 33rd division and attached troops, and to operate port services and defend the beach area. The occupation forces landed on the morning of September 25, 1945, in a very impressive operation. The troops were combat loaded and were prepared to engage hostile forces if necessary. The regiment distinguished itself over all other amphibious units by unloading more than 50,000 tons of supplies and equipment for sixth army occupation troops on Southern Honshu.

Goodbye Message From The Commander.

At War's End

Regiments of the fourth ESB remained in Japan after most of the other brigades had departed. Finally on April 14, 1946 the brigade was inactivated. By May 1, 1946 no amphibious engineering elements remained in Japan. Pacific ESB brigades operated in the Pacific for about 40 months, they made, combined, an estimated 149 combat landings. Before the occupation of Japan E.S.B landing craft had transported more than 4 1/2 million passengers and had brought to shore more than 3,000,000 tons of cargo. Engineers were also responsible for assembling their own boats from pre-fabricated sections shipped in from the United States. Engineers assembled roughly 800 LCVP'S and 2.000 LCM'S. ESB crafts covered more than 7,750,000 miles during their operations in the Pacific and so ended the services of the ESB Brigades in the southwest Pacific.

Sayonara: Last Copy Of (The Beach Head) Printed

There is no doubt that most Americans believe that World War II was a "just war" this is a concept that meets three criteria.

  1. That the good clearly outweighs the harm.
  2. The war is a last resort after all attempts to resolve the conflict peaceably have been exhausted.
  3. Hey just or moral cause exist for the undertaking of the war among others.

Below please voice your opinion about World War II, Korean War, Vietnam war, Iraq war.

American Wars What do you Believe.

Do you Believe These American Wars in This Poll Were "just wars"

See results

Thank you for Your Service.

I want to personally thank and honor my two best buddies who served in Vietnam Gary Rutherford Army and Joe Leach Air Force for their service.

US Navy in World War II "Sea Power in the Pacific "video

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.