WWI Series - A Hundred Years Ago - In Print October 23, 1915
New York Times, Saturday, October 23, 1915
New York Times, October 23,1915
The New York Times printed the following reports, among others, on this day a hundred years ago to keep the American public informed to vital war concerns.
ALLIED GUNS HALT GERMAN ASSAULTS (reported from Paris)
GERMANS LOSE 4 SHIPS - Sink Only One In Week
FRENCH DRIVE AIDED RUSSIANS
AMERICAN BATTALION TO GO FROM CANADA (reported from Ottawa)
ENGLISHWOMEN'S WAGE - EQUALITY IN WAR WORK - Skilled Munition Workers Receive Pay as Men, Lloyd George Says (London)
BRITISH HAVE LOST 52,377 SINCE OCT. 10
TO CURB LANDLORDS' GREED - Bill Against Raising of Rents
ATTACKS GERMAN WAR USURY (German economy)
The American public is well informed as to the events in Europe. The majority determination to stay out of the war, to keep American boys at home, does not mean that Americans are unsympathetic to the Allies. Despite millions of German speaking citizens, the tide of American sympathy is rising full toward the Allies.
Americans know that Bulgaria and Serbia declare war against each other. Britain has declared war on Bulgaria, which has invaded Serbia. Montenegro follows suit. France declares war on Bulgaria as does Italy and Russia. The war continues to expand. In offices and kitchens across America we feel the expansion of the horrific bloodshed, and we are afraid. We fear America will be sucked into the conflict if for no other reason then to make the bloodshed end.
The heavy losses by the British and French are blamed on fighting in the Dardenelles in Flanders and the final days of Loos. The British alone are losing 2500 men a day. These losses are even more unacceptable as there is no victory. Forcing the Germans to transfer troops from the eastern front to the western front and thereby provide some relief to Russian troops is not a victory.
GERMAN VERSION OF LOOS (reported from Berlin.) - English artillery got within rifle range bringing with them complete pontoons for the crossing of the German trenches. They were also accompanied by cavalry, and an English general who was captured called this "excellent sport." The English advanced with admirable bravery, when they were suddenly checked by German fire, and hundreds fell per second. They did not even reach the German trenches.
London Standard, October 23, 1915
London Standard, October 23, 1915
The London Standard headlines the following stories on October 23, 1915. England is fighting into the second year of a war expected initially to last months at most. The press stories are remarkably stoic, stiff upper lip, for the loss in soldiers and the effort on the home front.
GERMAN FOOD PRICES - COMPLAINT OF EXCESSIVE WAR PROFITS (reported from Amsterdam and quoting the Cologne Gazette)
GERMANY'S MISTAKE - APOLOGY FOR ATTACK ON SWEDISH SUBMARINE (reported from Copenhagen)
TROUBLE AT BUKAREST (reported from Zurich)
GREECE UNDECIDED - NO REPLY YET TO OFFER OF THE ALLIES With respect to Great Britain's offer of the cessation of Cypress to Greece as the price of intervention, leister's agency states that, though no definite pronouncement on the subject is obtainable, the impression generally prevails that Greece will not accept (if she has not already rejected) the latest offer made to her by the Allies . . .
MOLTKE TORPEDOED - DESCRIPTION OF INCIDENT IN THE BALTIC (from special correspondent in New York) Karl von Wierand, the Berlin correspondent of the New York World has cabled to his paper an account of an interview with Captain von Levetzow, the commander of the Moltke. "We were taking no part in the Big Bay fight, but were a considerable distance off . . .
The London newspapers print the news stories from every where in the world and cover all aspects of the war. On this day, the London papers print from Copenhagen, Zurich, Berlin, and New York. The story GERMAN VERSION OF LOOS printed in both London and New York. The assumption can be made that the audience in London, Berlin, and New York read the same words with far different interpretation.
The same with the article MOLTKE TORPEDOED. The Germans always plead innocence and self-defense. The English exude righteous and calm reaction to attack. New York is deliberately distant though slanted toward the Allies. On this day, the German economy is a topic to everyone. Already the seed of the later deprivation of the German civilian population is surfacing. And the corruption of the Kaiser's officials in terms of graft and pricing is documented.
The one topic not mentioned on this day is the war at sea other than the Moltke. No mention is made of the British sea blockade of the German ports which is the most effective weapon the British have. No specific mention of the submarine menace. However this is only one day and the most important events of the day are not visible.
Ogden, Utah, The Ogden Standard
Ogden, Utah, in 1915 is the railroad hub of the west for railroad traffic going east to west and north to south. Headlines in the Ogden Standard include Edith Cavell's memorial as well as the Italian contribution to the war effort and women's suffrage. The western states took no back seat to being informed.
RUSSIANS CHECK GERMAN ADVANCE BETWEEN MITAU AND GULF OF RIGA
SOFIA ISSUES WAR STATEMENT
GREAT SUFFRAGE DEMONSTRATION
ITALIANS GUN ON WHOLE FRONT
MEMORIAL SERVICE FOR MISS CAVELL
Edith Cavell is the nurse executed by the Germans for helping prisoners escape. Her execution works far less as a deterrent than as a rally point. At a time when Germany is hugely concerned with America entering the war on the side of the Allies, they could not know that the execution of a British nurse in Belgium would reach so far and with such adverse reaction.
The idea of women suffrage appears to be given a patronizing coverage. However, the women in a state considered conservative are making their demands known.
The headline in the magazine section indicates concern that the poor are getting richer and leaving less capitol for the rich. On the front page the magazine features the English Prime Minister Asquith, J.P. Morgan, and King George of England.