The True Legendary Scientist of India - Satyendra Nath Bose, Who Was Never Awarded What He Rightly Deserved
Satyendra Nath Bose - The Scientist Worthy of Nobel Prize
Legends are appreciated and applauded. But seldom they do not receive what they are worthy of. Be it ill-fate or intentionally, ill-will or ignorantly, the reasons are plenty. The fact is that, the renowned and celebrated scientist, Satyendra Nath Bose, the man behind the Bose-Einstein statistics and condensate, the person who laid the foundation of new quantum theory, was not acknowledged with the rightly deserved Nobel Prize, while lesser contributers in the same field, somehow snatched the golden medals. Else, he has uncountable honors under his belt. The most importantly, the force carrying particles like photon, graviton, gauge bosons and Higgs Boson (the God particle) in the quantum theory, are named in his reverence. Bos(e)on.
The Beginning of Our Hero
Satyendra Nath Bose was born on 1st January, 1894 in Calcutta, India. He, from his early age and study, exhibited every mark of a genius. He passed his matriculation from Hindu College, Calcutta, wherein he stood fifth in the merit list.
He took admission in the intermediate science course in the famous Presidency College, Calcutta. Under the guidance of astonishing scholars like Prafulla Chandra Ray and Jagdish Chandra Bose, he passed his B.Sc (1913) and M.Sc(1915) examinations with exemplary results. It is believed that his marks are yet to be surpassed, even after 100 years!
After completing the various courses, he taught and attended various institutions like Calcutta University and the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Throughout his life, he investigated subjects like chemistry, biology, zoology, anthropology and engineering too. He was a polyglot, having mastered various languages such as English, Bengali, French, German and Sanskrit. He was one of the firsts in India who studied the general relativity thoroughly and got it translated to various other languages.
Collaboration With Einstein
Bose wrote a paper deriving Planck’s quantum radiation law. This paper was seminal in creating the very important field of quantum statistics. Many described this paper as the main transition between the old quantum theory and the new quantum theory. But, quite regretfully, he was not able to get his head-turning paper published. Finally, after struggling for several months, he sent the article in the form of a letter to Albert Einstein. He, without wasting any more time, instantly realized the importance of the paper and got it published himself on behalf of Bose in the prestigious Zeitschrift fur Physik. Bose and Einstein then together formulated the Bose-Einstein Statistics. They also proposed a fifth state of matter, the Bose-Einstein Condensate, based on their work in the statistics.
His Never-Ending Achievements and Accolades
Despite his marvelous work in quantum theory, he was never honored with a Nobel Prize. Nevertheless, he has an ample number of honors under his name. The most prominent ones are listed below:
- The most renowned author of India, Rabindranath Tagore, dedicated his only book on science - Vishva Parichay, to Satyendra Nath Bose.
Bose was honoured with the title Padma Vibhushan by the Indian Government in 1954.
He was appointed as the National Professor, the highest honour in India for a scholar, a position he held for 15 years.
- In 1986, the S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences was established by an act of Parliament, in Salt Lake, Calcutta.
- He was also nominated to the Rajya Sabha.
- He became a fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1958.
- He was the President of the Indian Physical Society.
- He was the advisor to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.
- He was the President of the National Institute of Science.
- He was elected the General President of the Indian Science Congress.
- He was the President of the Indian Statistical Institute.
The injustice done to him and his work is completely exposed and purely evident. This is as touching as it can be. His is dead, but his work is immortal. He would forever have a place in our hearts, till posterity.