- Education and Science»
- Geography, Nature & Weather
What Cause Earthquake and Earthquake Preparedness
An earthquake is a sudden rapid shake of the earth caused by the breaking or shifting of rocks beneath the earth surface. Hundreds of million years the forces of the plate tectonic have shaped the Earth. The huge plate that form the Earth surface moved slowly in all direction, this can be under, over or even passed among each other. Sometime the plate of the Earth locked together and the energy itself was unable to release the accumulating energy. When it starts to get stronger, the plate would break free causing the earth to shake. For a better understanding, use a balloon and filled the balloon with air. Balloon itself is made of latex and air is made of nitrogen and oxygen. Use nitrogen as one plate of the earth and Oxygen as another plate that forms the earth. When both atoms form in one balloon it moves around. The more air you put in the balloon, the more pressure you are putting in. Both atoms are squeeze against each other so tight that it wishes to break free. The force of the pressure made the balloon pop and when it pops the atoms that were trapped in the balloon now are free. It is the same thing as earthquake.
When the ground starts to shake, building may collapse, power line will be out, and sometime it can trigger fires and welcome tsunamis. The worst thing about earthquake is it kills! Many who experienced earthquake before would know the strength of the earthquake magnitude. Some people say 3.2 is nothing. I experience a 3.3 magnitude in Stockton, CA it just startles me a little. Then in Los Angeles CA, was a 4.2 magnitude, it felt like a rolling motion that I can so far describe, I can still hold onto my desk and I’m fine. I remember my boyfriend first earthquake experience. It is so funny! He’s from Cambodia and in Cambodia there is no earthquake. He at that time live with his uncle in Long Beach, CA and during his living there, there was an earthquake about 3.2-4.2 magnitude. It wasn’t that bad...last about a few second which took down the power. But it’s not the worst that I experience. We were at the pagoda that day and when the earth shook, my fiancé grab my hand and ran outside for his safety along with his best friend and he called the monks to get out of the pagoda. One of the abbots that live in the monastery, he said...”I am not afraid of death, if the building collapse, o’well!” My boyfriend was so scared his eye was so white; he was lost running around outside finding a place to hide! My boyfriend ran back inside the pagoda pulling the monk out of the pagoda. The abbot wasn’t afraid of death so my boyfriend drags him by the leg outside. That abbot was still sitting there, he was careless so my fiancé left him and ran out for his own safety. He said, “If you die don’t blame me, I warned you!!” and continue running. His best friend and I laughed so hard how my fiancé react with the abbot. His first experience was the worst and the funniest moment ever! If I had a camcorder, I would record him and send it to ‘The American Most Funniest Home Video”. He got really sick the next day.
During my Emergency Response program that is being held twice a year where I am currently living, it teaches us to drop, cover, and hold on. This is a simple instruction that is being taught to children in Elementary school as well. They would hide under their desk holding onto it and pressing their eyes against their arm to protect their eyes. When you’re at home, pick a safe place where you could hide under a sturdy table. Make sure that you are away from the window, tall furniture, or any bookcase so that it doesn’t fall on top of you. If you’re at work, please use your common sense, don’t use the elevator! Whether it is fire or any type of disaster, don’t use elevator! Use the stair! When you’re outside stay outside! Move away from all buildings, trees, streetlights, power line or anything that can kill or hurt you.
To be honest, even though I am well trained in a disaster program but I am not perfect! When the quake strikes all my knowledge and training went somewhere and this is when using common sense kicks in. Therefore be prepared and be aware! Earthquake doesn’t tell times!