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What Is a Higgs Boson and Why Is It Called the God Particle?
Scientists have recently made a huge announcement. They are all but certain they have discovered the existence of the Higgs Boson.
An organization called CERN in its abbreviated form, located in Geneva Switzerland built the world’s biggest super collider (atom smasher), technically known as Large Hadron Collider or LHC. Construction of the particle accelerator took from 1998 until 2008 and cost in the vicinity of 7 billion dollars. Yes, with a B!
The purpose of this collider was to make it possible for scientists to recreate the same conditions that they believe existed immediately after the “Big Bang.”
As you know, the “Big Bang” is what scientists believe created the universe. One should of course keep in mind that the Big Bang is a theory, and not a proven fact, although many scientists like to promote it as fact.
Where and How Scientists Are Attempting to Recreate the Aftermath Of the Big Bang They Believe Created Our Universe
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CERN is the European Organization For Nuclear Research. That official name does not match the abbreviation because the abbreviation comes from the French name for this organization: Consell Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire. CERN was founded in 1952.
According to The Telegraph, scientists hope the LHC “will answer the question of what causes mass, or even surprise its creators by revealing the existence of a fifth, sixth or seventh secret dimension of time and space.”
Why Recreate the Immediate Aftermath of the Big Bang?
Physicists have discovered most of the building blocks, as they refer to them, that make up our world as we know it. However, with all they have learned about how our world is made and how it works, they had not, until recently, determined what caused or created mass.
The discovery that the Higgs Boson does exist along with proving the Higgs theory will also confirm much of the Standard Model physicists have been using as a fundamental way of understanding Nature, or our world and how it works.
Other than validating the Standard Model, no one seems to know what other advantages may be gained from this discovery, but it is usually common for advantages and properties of new discoveries to unfold over time once the new discovery is made.
Without mass everything would be weightless energy. Not only weightless, but the tiny particles that make up our bodies and everything ‘solid’ in our universe would not stick together without mass. I guess that means our consciousness, that part of us that makes us who we are, would be floating around with no body. That is, if our consciousness can even exist without a body.
Without mass, we would not have bodies and the material things in our environment would not exist. Obviously mass does exist and scientists have been trying to figure out and understand what makes mass exist.
Scientists believe Higgs Bosons were created as the dust was settling, so to speak, after the Big Bang, and that the Higgs Bosons combining with other specific particles are what give certain things mass in the universe.
Scientists believed that once they succeeded in discovering the Higgs Boson, they would make leaps forward in better understanding the universe. It will amount to finding a missing piece to the puzzle. Well, scientists now believe that has happened.
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What Is a Higgs Boson and Why Is It Sometimes Referred to As the God Particle?
The boson is a particle similar to an atom.
The reason the Higgs Boson particle is sometimes called the God Particle is because back in 1993 a physicist named Leon Lederman wrote a science book that turned out to be very popular, and he named his book, “The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?” The particle referred to in the title of the book is the Higgs Boson.
Peter Higgs is the scientist who came up with the hypothesis of the particle that gives objects mass and so the existence of the particle that he hypothesized is named after him.
CERN scientists say that the particle really has nothing at all to do with God and that the nickname was just a “snappy” name that was given to the particle to indicate the importance of the Higgs Boson’s purpose.
Please watch the videos included here because they will do a much better job than I can, of explaining the Higgs Bosom, the Higgs Bosom Field, and how the particle accelerator (LHC) is being used to conduct these experiments. They will also explain why the Higgs Boson matters.
© 2012 C E Clark