ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What are True Bugs?

Updated on September 3, 2014

Shield Bug

Source

Hemiptera

To most of us, a bug that is not a concealed microphone or a flu germ is any sort of six-legged creature. In entomological terms, however, true bugs are only those insects belonging to the order Hemiptera. They range in size from tiny specks that can be seen only with the aid of a magnifying glass, to large ones almost as big as your thumb.

Big Eyed Bugs

Source

Scutellum

Their fore wings are thickened and leathery at the base with membranous tips that overlap when the insect is at rest. The front of the thorax is usually very large and distinctly separate from the rest of the thorax, which forms a triangular area called the scutellum. All true bugs are marked with this triangle and can be recognized at a glance.

The only insects that are similarly marked are leafhoppers and cicadas (Homoptera), but their wings are usually entirely membranous and do not lie flat against the body.

Milkweed bugs -.nymph - adult

Source

Incomplete Metamorphosis

Bugs have incomplete metamorphosis in which development occurs in three stages. Eggs hatch into small, wingless nymphs that, to varying degrees, resemble the adult form. Through a series of molts, these young gradually increase in size and, when almost mature, they develop wings. The life cycle may take several weeks or an entire year. Most of the garden species hibernate as adults, but some pass the winter in the egg or nymph stage.

Squash Bug

Source

Bug Beaks

Mouthparts are enclosed in a beak that arises on the front part of the insect's head and curves beneath the body. In some bugs, the tip of the beak rests in a groove and the insect moves it back and forth to make a high-pitched squeaking sound. Most true bugs are plant-eaters with diets unacceptable to man. In feeding, they pierce the epidermis of the leaf with their beaks, inject salivary fluids into the tissue, and draw out the partly digested cell sap. This causes leaves to develop small, sunken spots and bleached areas. If enough bugs are present, leaves may wilt and die. Fruits, tender twigs, and flowers of most garden plants and orchard trees may also be injured by bugs. Some species, such as the squash bug, inject a toxic fluid into their hosts, causing them to wilt suddenly and die.

Assassin bug

Source

Assassin Bugs

Garden sanitation and weed control are the best ways to prevent the growth of large populations of plant-eating bugs. There are many species of true bugs that eat other insects instead of plants. Small, brown, soft-bodied damsel bugs feed on aphids, leafhoppers, and small caterpillars. The oddly shaped ambush bugs catch insects with their toothed front legs. Various assassin bugs and predaceous stink bugs attack caterpillars, beetle grubs, and mites.

Ambush Bugs

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • jeffryv profile imageAUTHOR

      Jeff Vance 

      3 years ago from Vancouver, BC Canada

      Yep certain types of wasps lay their eggs on Squash bug eggs.

      The best way I have found for Squash bug control is a Reemay Garden Blanket. ( Just search Amazon)

      The best tip is to keep your garden very clean and tidy

    • WritingInRichmond profile image

      WritingInRichmond 

      3 years ago

      Fascinating article. I was especially interesting in the Bug Beaks. The squash bugs wreak havoc in our organic garden. We began to notice that when the squash bugs were plentiful, many wasps were also present. I read something about wasps kill or lay their eggs in squash bugs. Any insight on the wasp and squash bug connection? Thanks!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)