ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What do Northern Pike Eat?

Updated on April 22, 2013

Northern Pike

What is a Northern Pike?

Northern pikes have a scientific name of Esox Lucius. They are species of the genus Esox. Northern pikes are fresh water fish that have long and slender bodies. They are easily recognized by their long head and snout which is contains many long and sharp canine teeth. These are elongated fish are viscous and big and can reach to a maximum of 6 feet. Its dorsal region is usually green in color with many lighter spots on the side shading to white or cream on the belly. Its eyes are bright yellow and its cheeks are fully scaled. On each side of the ventral surface of its jaw, it has large sensory pores.

Northern pikes got their name because they are typically found in brakish and fresh waters throughout the northern hemisphere. They can be found in Russia, Europe, North America, Morocco and even the Baltic Sea. In North America, they can be found in more than 35 states in the U.S.A. and most of Canada.

Northern pikes generally spawn in the spring, around late March or early April, when water temperature reaches 5-9 degrees Celsius in shallow waters. Spawning lasts for 5 to 10 days. The number of eggs the females lay depends on the size of the fish. The bigger the fish, the more eggs it produces. They can lay about 250,000 to 500,000 eggs. The females usually leave the eggs after spawning while the males stay in the spawning are for several weeks. The eggs hatch depending on water temperature which can be as early as six days or as long as four weeks. With their voracious appetites, the young pikes grow hastily in weight and length. They can typically reach six inches by fall. Male pikes attain maturity in two to three years while females need three to four years. Northern Pikes typically live for five to fifteen years but can be as old as thirty, depending on circumstances.

Northern Pike's Diet

Northern pikes are carnivores. They are known to hunt in packs like that of wolves that is why they are also known as ‘water wolf’. They are known to eat almost anything that fits in its mouths. Other than the smaller species that are in the lakes they live in, pikes are known to eat their own kind. Reports have shown that some pikes are found dead choking on other pikes of a similar size.

According to a Canadian study it was found out that northern pikes mostly ate Perch, spot tail shiners and white suckers. Their diet are not limited to fish, they will eat small birds, frogs, baby otters, leeches, insects and small mammals that fall in the water.

When northern pikes are still small hatchlings and immature pikes they are at risk of being prey to larger fishes including their own kind. Other animals that prey on young pikes include turtles, ospreys, herons, other fish-eating birds. But when a northern pike reaches its full size they do not have natural enemies but they are actually feared predators in the waters they swim in.

Monster Northern Pike - 90 fish over 20 lbs!

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)