ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is Endogamy

Updated on December 29, 2011


Endogamy is the rule specifying marriage to a person within one's own group. A rule of endogamy permits a person to marry within his or her own group. The group may be a caste (in India), a class, a rule, an ethnic group or a religious group or even a village. The rule of endogamy stipulates that the partners must be from the same group. It prohibits marriage with out-group members. Thus endogamy is a rule that prescribes marriage between a boy and a girl belonging to the same group.

Forms of Endogamy

Tribal Endogamy: Endogamy that allows a person to marry another one, within one's own tribe is called tribal endogamy.

Caste endogamy in India: Endogamy that allows a person to marry another person within one's own caste is called caste endogamy. A Brahmin will marry a Brahmin; a Kshatriya will marry a Kshatriya and so on. The caste groups in India are endogamous. Sub-Caste Endogamy, In India each caste consists of several sub-castes and sub-sub-castes. Endogamy occurs at the sub-caste and sub-sub-caste level.

Class Endogamy: A form of endogamy which allows marriage between members of a single class, in Europe and America class endogamy is prevalent.

Race Endogamy: A form of endogamy which permits marriage between members who belong to the same race. in Africa, Europe and America, race endogamy is common.

Ethnic Endogamy: A form of endogamy which allows marriage between members of the same ethnic group.

Village Endogamy: A form of endogamy which permits marriage between members of the same village community. It exists in South India.

Deme Endogamy: A form of endogamy which allows marriage between members of close kin group called deme. Demes occur among the Arab Bedouins.

Moiety Endogamy: A form of endogamy which allows marriage between members of the same moiety. Among the Todas, for example, there are two moieties, the Tartarol and Taivoliol. Each moiety practices endogamy.

Origin of Endogamy

Reasons for the emergence of endogamy.

  • Universal fear of strange, the novel and the unknown is the source of tribal endogamy.
  • Desire to keep up the purity of culture and prestige and status is the source of caste, class, race and ethnic endogamy.
  • Desire to keep the family property within a circle of close relatives and the continuous political supports in the event of conflict with outsiders are the sources of deme endogamy among the Arabian Bedouins.

Advantages of Endogamy

  1. Endogamy preserves the group's homogeneity.
  2. Endogamy maintains the numerical force of its group.
  3. Endogamy preserves a religious or ethnic tradition, usually the endogamous group within which one is encouraged to find one's spouse is relatively large. For example, many people living in Jordan identify themselves as Palestinian rather than Jordanian. They are encouraged to marry other Palestinians not Jordanians, which helps them to preserve their ethnic identity.
  4. Endogamy preserves the purity in the group and protects its prestige and status. For example, the Red Indians feel that they are pure and beautiful. They say that the white people are like "skinned rabbits", where the Red Indians and whites formed into a mixed race, the former consider themselves superior to others, thereby bestowing more prestige and status on themselves than on the hybrids.
  5. Endogamy keeps women happier. As endogamy promotes selection of spouse from within one's own group, it facilitates circulation of women within the group, in that case, the women can remain within the familiar surroundings and be in the company of women, who belongs to their own society. The problem of communication can be avoided. Adequate assistance can be obtained easily from their own relations in any case of emergency or crisis.
  6. Endogamy keeps property within the group. The property given to the bride or the groom will be within a close circle of relations across generations.
  7. Endogamy fosters a sense of unity within the group to which the couple belongs.

Disadvantages of Endogamy

  1. Endogamy restricts the sphere of mate selection
  2. Endogamy encourages ethnocentrism.
  3. Endogamy emphasizes group feeling and creates communalism, regionalism and violence.
  4. Endogamy encourages hatred and jealously among different groups and societies.
  5. Endogamy encourages the customs of dowry and bride-price.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Very relevant notes


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)