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What is Fuller's Earth? Benefits and Uses of Fuller's Earth

Updated on June 27, 2016
Fuller's Earth
Fuller's Earth | Source

Fuller’s Earth is a type of mineral clay that occurs naturally in the earth’s crust. It is off-white in color and is made up of fine-grained particles.

Fuller’s Earth is also known as Earth Clay, Oil Absorption Clay, Bleaching Clay or Whitening Clay.

In India Fuller's Earth has been used as a beauty product since ancient times and is known as "Multani Mitti."

Fuller's Earth - The Origin of the Name

Fuller’s Earth has the capacity of attracting and drawing out impurities to the surface. In ancient times Fuller’s Earth was used to clean raw wool by soaking it in a mixture of water and Fuller’s Earth to draw out oil, dirt and other impurities from the wool fibers.

This process is known as “Fulling”. The person who carried out the Fulling process is called the Fuller. This process brought about the name "Fuller’s Earth."

Nowadays Fuller’s Earth is used in the cosmetic industry for skin care to a great extent.

Composition of Fuller's Earth

The main component of Fuller’s Earth is a clay mineral called Montmorillionite. Montmorillionite is composed of very small particles of hydrous aluminium silicates.

Other minerals such as Kaolinite, Attapulgite and Palygorskite are found in Fuller’s Earth. It also has traces of minerals such as calcite, dolomite, and quartz.

Montmorillionites are clay minerals that can absorb huge quantities of water. These minerals are end results of volcanic activity and hydro-thermal activity beneath the earth’s crust.

How Does Fuller's Earth Remove Impurities?

Fuller's Earth removes impurities through a process called adsorption. Adsorprtion is a chemical process by which one substance attracts and holds the particles of another substance when they come in contact with each other.

Adsorption is different from absorption. In the case of absorption one substance is dissolved and absorbed by another substance when they come in contact with each other. For example, tissue paper absorbs oil.

Fuller's Earth for Skin Care

Fuller’s Earth is very effective in the treatment of skin affected by acne. It also helps to treat the oily skin condition. Fuller's Earth is a naturally occurring substance and is safe to use.

When Fuller's Earth is applied on the skin, it draws out oil, dirt and absorbs the excess oil on the surface of the skin. Due to this property, Fuller's earth is very effective in the treatment of oily skin, skin with acne or acne prone skin.

It helps to reduce pigmentation and dark patches on the skin. It also helps to refresh the skin and improves blood circulation.

Fuller's Earth is applied as a hot plaster to the infected skin to aid removal of pus and to reduce inflammation. It is also used to treat bedsores.

Fuller's Earth Facials for Skin Care

Acne Skin

Fuller's Earth - 2 tablespoons

Rose Water - 1 tablespoon

Lemon Juice - 1 tablespoon


Oily Skin

Fuller's Earth - 2 tablespoons

Sandalwood powder - 1 tablespoon

Lemon juice - 1 teaspoon

Rose water - 3 tablespoons


To reduce dark patches on skin

Fuller's Earth - 2 tablespoons

Yogurt - 2 tablespoons

Gram flour - 1 tablespoon


For glowing skin

Fuller's Earth - 2 tablespoons

Mashed papaya - 1 tablespoon

Honey - 1 teaspoon


To treat pimples and scars

Fuller's Earth - 2 tablespoons

Neem powder - 1 teaspoon

Rose water - 3 tablespoons

Lemon juice - 2 teaspoons


Other uses of Fuller’s Earth

Fuller’s Earth is used in many household cleaning products due to its capacity to draw out dirt, oil and grease impurities.

Fuller’s Earth is used in the manufacture of the following -

  • household cleaners
  • filters
  • stain removers

It is also used in the -

  • manufacture of kitty litter.
  • automotive industry to clean up oil spills.
  • process of refining edible oil
  • manufacture of lubricants used in oil and gas drilling rigs

Recently Fuller’s Earth was used to decontaminate soldiers who were exposed to chemical weapons.

During the production of a movie Fuller’s Earth is used for scenes involving special effects. Plastic balls filled with Fuller’s Earth are used to create dust clouds and are designed to be fired from paintball markers.

References

fullersearth.com

herbco.com

naturalnews.com

bedfordshiregeologygroup.org

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    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 2 years ago from Queensland Australia

      What an amazing and useful substance Fullers Earth is Vellur. I had heard of it but not what it was used for. Thanks for the information.

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      Jodah thank you, fuller's earth is used in many ways especially in skin care.

    • travmaj profile image

      travmaj 2 years ago from australia

      This brought back memories for me - when I was growing up my mother and her sisters always used fuller's earth mixed with witch hazel and used it on their faces (like a mud pack) Thinking back they all had great complexions. I must buy some and give it a try. Thank you for this.

    • Meisjunk profile image

      Jennifer Kessner 2 years ago from Pennsylvania

      Wow, this is great information. You definitely did your research on this; thanks for sharing! I think I'll just be looking into making my own little remedies.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I've never heard of it, but I'm impressed by the number of uses for it. Thank you for this information.

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      travmaj your mother and sisters were very wise! You can try it out. Thank you for your visit.

      Meisjunk thank you and yes you can make your own with Fuller's Earth as an ingredient.

      billybuc thank you for your visit and am glad you came to know about this.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for sharing the interesting information and the recipes, Vellur. Fuller's Earth sounds like a useful substance!

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 2 years ago from Southern Illinois

      I've never heard of Fuller's Earth, amazing how many products use it. Thank's for the info.

    • tirelesstraveler profile image

      Judy Specht 2 years ago from California

      I have used Fuller's Earth and was imagaining being at the spa having a facial. Your article was a refreshing break:)

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      Alicia C thank you and yes Fuller's Earth is amazing in many ways.

      always exploring thank you for reading and yes Fuller's Earth is useful in many ways.

      tirelesstraveler thank you! Using Fuller's Earth makes you feel like you are at the spa I guess, thank you for your visit.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 2 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Extraordinary! I had no idea what Fuller meant. Your thoroughly researched hub taught me more about a unique mineral. Voted up!

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 2 years ago from Florida

      I had heard of Fuller's Earth as a child, but I've never used it. I can't remember what my mother used it for, but I remember seeing it in the house.

      Very informative article.

      Voted UP, and will share (if my button is working today!).

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      DDE thank you for stopping by, Fuller's Earth is unique and natural.

      mary615 thank you for stopping by, thanks for the vote up and share.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 2 years ago from England

      Hi Vellur, this brought back memories! my mum used to use it, probably in her beauty routine, but I do remember her mentioning it! interesting stuff! voted up and shared! nell

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 2 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

      I knew some of this information, but I've learned a great deal more. A very useful hub, well done.

      I loved the recipes pinning for later, a girl needs all the help she can get. :)

    • daborn7 profile image

      daborn7 2 years ago from California

      Wow, I have never heard of the stuff, that is really interesting. I may want to check some of this stuff out really soon. Thanks for sharing!

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      Nell Rose yes it must have been in her beauty routine. Thank you for your visit.

      tobusiness thank you for stopping by and yes a girl needs all the help.

      daborn7 thank you and am glad you came to know about this.

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 2 years ago from malang-indonesia

      I have never heard about "fullers earth" thanks for sharing with us. Great hub and voted up!

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      praseito30 thank you for stopping by and the vote up.

    • Victoria Lynn profile image

      Vicki L Hodges 2 years ago from Arkansas, USA

      Wow, I've never heard of fuller's earth. That's neat that it has so many uses. A very interesting and informative hub!

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      Victoria Lynn am glad you came to know about Fuller's Earth, thank you for stopping by.

    • suzettenaples profile image

      Suzette Walker suzettetaos 2 years ago from Taos, NM

      This is such an interesting and informative hub! I have never heard of Fuller's earth before or where it is found. Your home remedy facial mask recipes are wonderful. Thank you so much for sharing this. I usually do use a clay facial mask on my own face, but I buy it at the store. Thanks again for your info!

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      suzettenaples thank you, Fuller's Earth works wonders for the skin and am glad you came to know about this.

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 2 years ago from United States

      This is great information as it is all new to me. I had not heard of Fullers Earth, but it sounds like it can do wonders for your skin. Very useful hub.

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      Pamella99 Fuller's Earth is great for skin and has many other uses. Thank you for stopping by.

    • midget38 profile image

      Michelle Liew 2 years ago from Singapore

      A great hub for the ladies! Sharing, Nithya.

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      midget38 thank you for your visit and the share.

    • Levertis Steele profile image

      Levertis Steele 2 years ago from Southern Clime

      I have a container garden and a raised bed because my soil seems to be all clay. During dry spells it seems as hard as bricks. BUT, I have never heard of fuller's earth nor its uses in all of these products. I am amazed and enlightened!

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      Levertis Steele am glad you came to know about Fuller's Earth.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 2 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      I never heard of Fuller's Earth..til now. I would love to try the mask. Thanks!

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      rebeccamealey thank you the Fuller's Earth mask is good because it is natural.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 2 years ago

      This is the first I have heard of Fullers Earth. I like the uses, especially for the dark spots. What a great idea.

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      teaches12345 thank you. Fullers Earth is great for skin!

    • tillsontitan profile image

      Mary Craig 2 years ago from New York

      I'd never heard of Fuller's Earth either! There are so many things we don't know about and yet they are so beneficial.

      Your hubs always teach us...and they teach us especially good things!

      Voted up, useful, and interesting.

    • Vellur profile image
      Author

      Nithya Venkat 2 years ago from Dubai

      tillsontitan am glad you came to know about Fuller's Earth, thank you for your lovely comments and thanks for the many votes.

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