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Difference between Magic and Religion - Difference between Magic and Science

Updated on July 12, 2013
Art is magic delivered from the lie of being truth.
Art is magic delivered from the lie of being truth.

Magic

Magic is a ritual practice applying the belief that supernatural powers can be compelled to act in certain ways for good or evil purposes by recourse to certain specified formula.

Frazer identified two types of magic; they are Homeopathic which means like produces like and Contagious which means once in contact is always will be in contact.

Raymond Firth classified magic into three types basing on the aims that it serves. They are Productive, Protective and Destructive.

Classification of Magic

Productive Magic: It includes magic of hunting, magic of fertility, magic of rain making, magic of security, magic of successful or abundant harvesting, making of successful fishing and magic of successful love making and courtship. Productive magic is performed by either private individuals or by magicians. It is socially approved. It serves as a stimulus afford/effort and as a part of organisation of economic and social activity.

Protective Magic: It includes taboos to guard property, magic to access collection of debts, magic to avert mis-fortune, magic for the cure of the sickness, magic for safety in travel and magic to counter mis-fortune and danger in travel. Protective magic is performed either by private individuals by themselves or by specialist magicians for another or to a group or to the whole community. To protective crops, skull of cattle, effigies or decorated pots are placed upright in the fields. To protect cattle amulets are hung around their necks or horns. To safeguard oneself against misfortune, against malevolent spirits and other forms of evil one may wear amulets. To cure the sick, a magician use spells, rites/rituals, medicines, amulets and any other magical elements. All such protective measure are socially approved.

Destructive Magic: It includes magic to destroy others' property, magic to produce sickness, magic to bring death, magic to bring storms, magic to produce scarcity of game, magic for destruction done to plants, individuals, group of the whole community. Destructive magic is in the form of harmful sorcery or witchcraft.

Difference between Magic and Religion

Magic
Religion
Controls supernatural powers.
Supplicates oneself to supernatural powers.
Uses rites and spells.
Uses prayers and rituals.
Involves sorcery.
Highlights public activity.
Involves coercion to achieve desired end.
Involves submission to achieve the desired result.
It is individualistic.
It is communalistic.
Serves both benevolent and malevolent ends.
Serves only benevolent ends.
Distinguish between good and evil.
Distinguish sin from that which deffers from merit.
Presumes rigid relation of cause and effect.
Presumes the roles of supernaturals to bestow desired ends.

Difference between Magic and Science

Magic
Science
Magic deals with supernatural world.
Science deals with natural world.
Magic is based on wrong assumption of cause and effect relations.
Science is based on right assumption of cause effect relations.
It is a matter of uncertainity.
It is a matter of facts and certainity.
Magic presumes occult causes.
Science predicts natural causes.
Magic cannot be experimentally justified.
Science can be experimentally justified.
It is based on wrong association of ideas.
It is based on correct association of ideas.
Magic is mysterious and sometimes a part of the sacred.
Real and part of the world of profane activities.

Do you believe in Magic?

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    • profile image

      Flickr 5 years ago

      cool love magic, Merlin is one of my favorites.

    • Hui (蕙) profile image

      Hui (蕙) 5 years ago

      This is precious knowledge. Even if it is supernatural, it shows human wisdom long ago, and our present people should cherish it.

    • dilipchandra12 profile image
      Author

      Dilip Chandra 5 years ago from India

      Hey Flickr, Thanks for stopping by and commenting. Merlin, i've never heard of that name ever before but now i got it. Reffed the same from wiki.

      Merlin is a legendary figure best known as the wizard featured in the Arthurian legend. The standard depiction of the character first appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written c. 1136, and is based on an amalgamation of previous historical and legendary figures.

      Thanks for the comment and thanks for introducing me a new name :)

    • dilipchandra12 profile image
      Author

      Dilip Chandra 5 years ago from India

      Hello Hui, Thanks for visiting my hub and commenting :)

      Human Wisdom?? Ok, I agree but magic is based on wrong association of ideas and is a matter of uncertainty. However, i must say that it served the needs of the people long ago before science was developed.

    • Hui (蕙) profile image

      Hui (蕙) 5 years ago

      Hi, dilipchandra12, "the needs of the people long ago" is what I meant by "wisdom". Think about the living conditions of ancient ancestors! They developed their imaginations about those phenomena that they were unable to understand and explain during the fighting between them and the crude nature then, which is also why the religion was born. Compared their living conditions with present world, is it fair to say "wisdom"?

    • dilipchandra12 profile image
      Author

      Dilip Chandra 5 years ago from India

      Yep Hui, i agree with you.

    • profile image

      Flickr 5 years ago

      yes Merlin the magician, I'm sorry I made the assumption. I thought everyone knew about Merlin. Yes he dates back to the Arthurian period. I personally believe that he wasn't necessarily a magician but of course a real person who had 'unnatural powers' of knowledge mainly healing and folklore of his era. Love the hubs.

    • Manna in the wild profile image

      Manna in the wild 5 years ago from Australia

      I'd only disagree with one point. Science is, at this stage of our understanding actually based on uncertainty.

    • dilipchandra12 profile image
      Author

      Dilip Chandra 5 years ago from India

      Thank you Flickr, for the information :)

    • profile image

      wisha 5 years ago

      magic is nothing . i am not trusted in it

    • profile image

      markbennis 5 years ago

      Interesting to read and contemplate over, I wonder if magic is connected to our consciousness and will of spirit?

    • Sky9106 profile image

      Sky9106 5 years ago from A beautiful place on earth.

      Good to know dilip, always great to know a little more on a topic as Magic. David Blaine is my favorite.

      Give Thanks.

    • profile image

      nana 2 years ago

      Can u explain me about the sentence "control supernatural power" and "supplicate oneself to supernatural powers". What those sentences refer to? Give example plz...?

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