What is a Family Meaning and Definition of Family
The family a social institution is the most fundamental of all social groups and it is universal in its distribution from time immemorial. It is fundamental and persistent social group, a basic social institution at the very care of society. The values institutionalized in the family have long been regarded as important enough to warrant strong measures against any behaviour that violated them. Not only has the family been defined as fundamental to the existence of society, but it has been viewed as a source of morality and decent content. It has also been defined as a primary force for controlling behaviour and civilizing the human animal.
Definition of Family
Family is a group defined by sex relationship sufficiently puire and enduring to provide for the procreation and upbringing of children - Maciver
Family is a group of persons where relations to one another one based upon consanginity and who are therefore kin to one another - Kingsley Davis
Family is a more or less durable association of husband and wife with or without children or of a man or women alone with children - Nikoff
Family is a group of persons by the ties of marriage, blood or adoption, constituting a single household, interacting and intercommunicating with each other in their respective social roles of husband and wife mother and father, son and daughter brother and sister creating a common culture. - Burgess and Lacke
Family is a group based on martial relations, right, and duties of parenthood, common habitation and reciprocal , relations between parents and children. - Robert H. Lowie
Family is a group that involves marriage, rights and duties of parents, common residence for parents and children and reciprocal relations between parents and children. - Ralph Linton
The family is a group defined by a sex relationship sufficiently precise and enduring to provide for the procreation and upbringing of children. It may include collateral or subsidiary relationship, but it is constituted by the living together of mates forming with their offspring a distinctive unity. This unit has certain common characteristics everywhere in human society. The following are the five significant characteristics seen essential to the very nature of the family that may be met in extremely a ways.
- A mating relationship
- A form of marriage or other institutional arrangement in accordance with which the mating relation is established and maintained.
- A system of nomenclature, involving also a mode of reckoning descent.
- Some economic provision shared by the members of the group but having especial reference to the economic needs associated with child bearing a child rearing and generally,
- A common habitation, home or household.