Plagiarism in educational institutions
What is plagiarism
Plagiarism is an old problem that has become a serious issue lately for professionals and institutions. Plagiarism is presenting the ideas of others as one’s own and not giving the due credit to the author for his/her work.
Plagiarism shows up under different names such as misappropriation, faulty citation, imitation, cheating, cribbing, stealing and copyright infringement (Marsh 1).
Plagiarism can be of two types:- intentional or unintentional. Talking in educational terms, unintentional plagiarism is when the student does not intend to deceive the professor and does it merely by lack of knowledge and understanding.
For instance a student that does not cite resources properly and make mistakes in citing references or does not list references at all are examples of unintentional plagiarism. It is extremely difficult for teachers to detect unintentional plagiarism (Smith 23).
Intentional plagiarism is when the student wants to cheat on the teacher by downloading a paper from Internet or uses the services of the freelance writers to finish their assignments for them. Whether plagiarism is intentional or unintentional it is considered wrong.
Why is it bad
Plagiarism is morally wrong and is considered bad and unethical. It is wrong not to give credit to someone for their work or steal or copy their innovative ideas and present it as one’s own ideas. Plagiarism is bad as it a dishonest practice and it is morally wrong to deceit professors.
A survey conducted by Christopher Hawley, a British teacher, of 425 undergraduates revealed that 12% of the students had asked someone to write a paper for them; 14.6% had submitted work written by another student and 5.6% admitted that they had submitted work purchased from a research service (Smith 24).This survey further revealed that 25% of the students agreed that plagiarism is an acceptable academic practice which further aggravates the problem leading to unethical behavior of such students at their work places as well in the future(Smith 24).
Why students plagiarize & anti plagiarism policy
There are various reasons why students resort to unfair means of getting things done and being involved in plagiarism. Students engage in plagiarism due to performance related motivation of getting good grades and avoiding failure in a course. While others simply purchase the research work from online as they do not have time themselves to complete their assignments or are simply very lazy to go about doing it.
Many universities in UK and US have taken strict disciplinary actions against students involved in plagiarism activities and have even suspended and fined students for their inappropriate behavior. Certain universities like Ilionois State University and Harvard University have developed plagiarism policies and a proper guide on how to avoid plagiarism.
In addition to that universities have plagiarism detection software such as turnitin to help them get hold of students involved in plagiarism.
My opinion on plagiarism
In my opinion,plagiarism is extremely wrong and if pupils are involved in it,they should face heavy penalties.Also the universities are doing the right thing that they have strict policies in place to deal with this evil.
Once the students get into the habit of plagiarism at their educational level,they will carry their plagiarism culture into their workplace as well so as to avoid worse consequences in future it should be handled well and curbed at the initial stages.
Plagiarism: alchemy and remedy in higher education by Bill Marsh
Plagiarism, the Internet, and student learning: improving academic integrity by Wendy Sutherland-Smith