US History of American Foundation Documents and Flags
Revolution and a New Nation
The First Flag of the USA
The Revolution was effected before the war commenced.
The Revolution was in the hearts and minds of the people.— President John Adams, 1818
Compelling History in the New World
American history is an exciting body of information, especially for me since, some of ancestors participated in its forming beginning with the French and Indian War, Pontiac's War, and the Battles of Forts Pitt and Duquesne. The American Revolution came soon afterward.
The Two FortsClick thumbnail to view full-size
Flags of the New Nation
Additional Flags of the New NationClick thumbnail to view full-size
The Betsy Ross, First Documented Use in 1792
The Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was issued by the Second Continental Congress of the United Colonies of North America at the Pennsylvania State House (Philadelphia's Independence Hall) July 4, 1776. At the same time, we became the United States of America.
Declaration of Independence
Declaration House, Where Thomas Jefferson Worked
Constitution of the United States of America
The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States of America:
We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
US Constitution Day
- US Constitution Day on September 17 Celebrates Freedom and Helps Sort Election Campaign Issues
Many Americans feel that the Constitution still guides our nation and its contents should be consulted in choosing a new President, comparing his or her platform with the founding document. Others do not.
The Preamble Song - from School House Rock
The Great Peace of the Iroquois Confederacy
Senate Resolution 331, from the 100th Congress in 1988 (The Reagan Years): The US Senate acknowledges, “the confederation of the original thirteen colonies into one republic was influenced …by the Iroquois Confederacy, as were many of the democratic principles which were incorporated into the constitution itself.”
Iroquois Confederacy Consitution - The Great Peace
- Speakers of the Iroquoian Language Group - Oldest Representative Democracy In the World
The US Constitution is based on that of the Iroquois Confederacy. Six Indigenous Nations joined under one constitution between 1390 - 1500. Called The Great Binding Law, it was written in the Mohawk Language. It is the basis for the US Constitution.
America, or the USA, was first formed by these states: New Hampshire, Massachusetts bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (together these formed 1 state), Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.
This Hub will present some important aspects of the forming a new nation called the United States of America. It will display information about and links to the nation's foundation documents, other writings about these documents, and images and links regarding the various American national flags.
Remember that most immigrants to America during the founding of the Colonies came from what is the united Kingdom and it has been thought that this region was more liberal than the rest of Europe politically, joined in thought by The Netherlands. As far as religion is considered, most of the immigrant practiced some form of Calvinism [in protest to the Anglican Church at home].
Calvinism rather emphasized both divine and secular contractual relationships and this appears in the USA's founding documents as well - we see God mentioned and we see secularism applied as well.
This is all considered under Constitutional law and its practice and there are continuing arguments in the 21st century about whether or not America is a Christian Nation, a nation of Christians, a deist nation, a secular nation, or just what it is. Many faiths fill the borders of America. At any rate, America stemmed from a social order emphasizing individual rights and social mobility.
Some of the most important Founding Documents of the Untied States of America, most of which are held in the National Archives, and their immediately ensuing papers include:
- Declaration of Independence
- The Articles of Confederation - accepted by Congress November 15, 1777 and ratified March 1, 1781.
- Preamble to the Constitution
- The Constitution of the United States of America
- The Federalist Papers
In the Articles of Confederation, Article IV states that "paupers, vagabonds, and fugitives from justice (are) excepted" from the freedoms and varieties of immunity offered by the States. If you were poor or a drifter, you had no rights.
It is also interesting that The Articles of Confederation, Article IX, provided that Canada was permitted to join the United States:
Article XI. Canada acceding to this confederation, and adjoining in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this Union; but no other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such admission be agreed to by nine States.
This Article sets a sort of precedent for a permitted joining of Canada, USA, and Mexico into one large community, as has been suggested for some years. Canada did not become a Nation until around 1846. Previously, Canada was a colony of England and was fought over by the French, Mohawks and English - and others.
Spacial Case: The Acadians
Many Acadians, French settlers in Canada, would not leave when the British threw Acadians out of Nova Scotia in 1760. In fact, they went to New Brunswick and applied guerilla warfare (like the Swamp Fox) to the enemy.
It took 5 years, until 1765, to convince the Acadian militia to lay down their arms. It also took the combined efforts of the British, the Americans, and the French Officers other than this militia to convince the Acadians to cease fire.
These settlers Canada left reluctantly, but the rest of the Acadians had been driven all the way to New Orleans, their farms and possessions burned by the British. Through intermarriages, the French became the Cajuns and the families are still trying to trace lost members today.
© 2008 Patty Inglish MS