What is Anthropology?
At it’s core anthropology is a holistic, all encompassing study of humans. The word originates from “anthrops” - meaning humans, and “-ology” or “the study of”.
Within the broad title of anthropology there are 4 sub-disciplines:
"the study of living people"
- Cultural Anthropology first began in the 1920’s when people began to study “primitive and savage” societies.
- The reports and papers that cultural anthropologists write are called ethnography's. They are considered a snapshot of a culture at a specific time
- Today cultural anthropologists work for governments and militaries giving insight to other nations and groups that their country is either working with or fighting.
Important Cultural Anthropologists
- Franz Boas
- Margaret Mead
- Claude Levi-Strauss
"the study of languages"
- Linguistic Anthropology studies speech and languages
- Saving and recording dyeing languages is and important aspect of this field
- Linguistic Anthropologists work to decipher both current and daed languages
Important Linguistic Anthropologists
- Edward Sapir
"the study of past cultures"
- Archaeology focuses on exaction and material culture
- Many archeologists work for CRM firms or cultural resource management firms
- Archeology has nothing to do with dinosaurs that is paleontology
- Thomas Jefferson
- Donald Johanson
- The Leakey Family
"The study of human biology and culture"
- These anthropologists study pre-human ancestors and archaeology.
- Physical Anthropology looks at primates and studies them as they relate to humans as they are the animal most closely related to humans
- Forensic anthropology and the study of bones id a sub-field of physical anthropology
Famous Physical Anthropologists
- Jane Goodall
- Charles Darwin