Where Was Mohenjo Daro Located
Mohenjo Daro was a key city in the Indus Valley Civilization -- meaning that it was one of the world's first cities, and a key settlement in one of the world's first civilizations. This civilization spread across the eponymous river valley, encompassing much of modern-day Pakistan and a large section of Northern India. As discussed in detail below, Mohenjo Daro itself was located in what is now Pakistan.
Mohenjo Daro: One of the World's First Cities
Mohenjo Daro dates from approximately the 26th century B.C.E. It was predated by the larger Indus Valley -- or "Harrapan" -- Civilization, which probably emerged around the 31st century B.C.E. Other cities in the civilization included Lothal, Kalibangan, Dholavira, Rakhigarhi, and Harappa. Mohenjo Daro remained settled until the 20th century B.C.E.; its abandonment coincided with the collapse of the larger Indus Valley Civlization.
The city was based on a grid system, much like many contemporary cities. Its buildings -- some two stories -- were largely rectangular. The city featured a central marketplace.
Its infrastructure was particularly impressive. A major central well was supplemented by smaller wells throughout the city. Waste drained through public covered drains. Some residences appear to have even featured rooms devoted to bathing.
Mohenjo Daro is located in contemporary Pakistan.
The "Discovery" of Mohenjo Daro
After its abandonment, Mohenjo Daro lay "undiscovered" for more than 37 centuries. Finally, in 1922, an officer with the Archaeological Survey of India named Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay followed the lead of a Buddhist monk to the pronounced mound that turned out to be the covered-over ruins of the city. Major excavations followed in the 1930s and, later, 1945. The final substantial excavations were in the 1960s. Since this time, only less-intrusive research has been permitted, owing to the site's fragility.
The site of Mohenjo Daro, as seen from above.
Mohenjo Daro's Precise Location
The site of Mohenjo Daro is located in the Larkana District of modern Pakistan's Sindh Province. It is about 17 miles from the town of Larkana.
As would be expected, it is situated strategically along historic water routes. Its civilization was literally centered around the Indus River, and Mohenjo Daro is indeed located near the Indus River. In fact, it is located between the river and the now-dry riverbed of the Ghaggar-Hakra River.
Its coordinates are 27° 19′ 45″ N, 68° 8′ 20″ E.
The Legacy of Mohenjo Daro
Mohenjo Daro was a triumph of human progress. As a preeminent city in one of the earliest civilizations, it is difficult to overstate its historic significance.
Perhaps just as amazingly, it remained undocumented until well into the twentieth century. Its discovery literally rewrote the history books, as historians realized the significance of the Indus Valley Civiliation and its place at the vanguard of human civilization.
Much like today's cities, Mohenjo Daro balanced complex urban infrastructure, technological innovation, and a well-developed culture, one whose artifacts rival those from cultures that would not emerge for centuries later.