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Whose Your Daddy - It's in Your DNA

Updated on April 19, 2013

The Human Genome Project was a 13 year project completed in 2003. The US Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health were responsible for the project.

The project had a number of goals including identifying the 20,000 to 25,000 genes in the human DNA. Although the project may be finished, analyses will continue on for many years to come.

The purpose of the Human Genome Project is to help solve one of the mysteries of life regarding how one fertilized egg can have all the information contained within it to make up the muscles, brain, heart, eyes, skin, blood etc of a human being.

There are over 35,000 genes in each human DNA molecule which is comprised of approximately 3,000,000,000 chemical bases that are arranged in a precise sequence.

Our DNA includes both genetic (inherited) and non-genetic (environmental) factors. Some of the inherited influences include our height, eye color, hair color, etc.

Also, it has been found that some disorders and diseases can be found in the inherited DNA.

However, certain environmental factors play a part in whether or not we develop these diseases. The disorder or disease can be found in the variation of a single gene.

Cystic fibrosis is caused by a mutation in one of the CFTR gene. This disorder is the most common in the Caucasian population with over 1,3000 known mutations.

One of the results of the Human Genome Project will hopefully be improved treatment of certain disorders and diseases because of genetic testing for those disorders.

The good news is that parents will be able to screen their children for hereditary conditions and may be able to avoid passing the disorder on to their children or at least know how to combat the problem.

Family Tree

Were do you start in researching your family’s roots?  Millions of people around the world are discovery their roots and connecting with their loved ones.  People often they didn’t even know existed.  The best place to start is with your family. 

Call your parents and grandparents or other living family members and simply ask them if they can provide any information on your family history.  Look around the house of your relatives for documents such as birth certificates, old letters and diaries, even newspaper clippings can be of help.  Check for family bibles or old photo albums and scrap books. 

Finding important dates such as birth, baptism, marriage and death will go a long way to helping you find your family’s roots. There are many online sites that can help you build a family tree as well as given you more information including the meaning and origin of your family name.

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    • lmmartin profile image

      lmmartin 6 years ago from Alberta and Florida

      I like the cartoon in the beginning. Says it all. Lynda

    • True Blue Tips profile image
      Author

      True Blue Tips 6 years ago

      Hi Lynda

      Yes, I rather liked the cartoon too.

    • De Greek profile image

      De Greek 6 years ago from UK

      As one cauliflower to another, I salute you :-)

    • True Blue Tips profile image
      Author

      True Blue Tips 6 years ago

      And here I thought was a mouse!

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