Whose Your Daddy - It's in Your DNA
The Human Genome Project was a 13 year project completed in 2003. The US Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health were responsible for the project.
The project had a number of goals including identifying the 20,000 to 25,000 genes in the human DNA. Although the project may be finished, analyses will continue on for many years to come.
The purpose of the Human Genome Project is to help solve one of the mysteries of life regarding how one fertilized egg can have all the information contained within it to make up the muscles, brain, heart, eyes, skin, blood etc of a human being.
There are over 35,000 genes in each human DNA molecule which is comprised of approximately 3,000,000,000 chemical bases that are arranged in a precise sequence.
Our DNA includes both genetic (inherited) and non-genetic (environmental) factors. Some of the inherited influences include our height, eye color, hair color, etc.
Also, it has been found that some disorders and diseases can be found in the inherited DNA.
However, certain environmental factors play a part in whether or not we develop these diseases. The disorder or disease can be found in the variation of a single gene.
Cystic fibrosis is caused by a mutation in one of the CFTR gene. This disorder is the most common in the Caucasian population with over 1,3000 known mutations.
One of the results of the Human Genome Project will hopefully be improved treatment of certain disorders and diseases because of genetic testing for those disorders.
The good news is that parents will be able to screen their children for hereditary conditions and may be able to avoid passing the disorder on to their children or at least know how to combat the problem.
Books on Genes
Were do you start in researching your family’s roots? Millions of people around the world are discovery their roots and connecting with their loved ones. People often they didn’t even know existed. The best place to start is with your family.
Call your parents and grandparents or other living family members and simply ask them if they can provide any information on your family history. Look around the house of your relatives for documents such as birth certificates, old letters and diaries, even newspaper clippings can be of help. Check for family bibles or old photo albums and scrap books.
Finding important dates such as birth, baptism, marriage and death will go a long way to helping you find your family’s roots. There are many online sites that can help you build a family tree as well as given you more information including the meaning and origin of your family name.
Books on Family Trees
- Trace Your Ancestry with DNA - DNA Ancestry Project
- Genealogy, Family Trees and Family History Records online - Ancestry.com
Discover your ancestors with the world's largest family history website. Start a family tree, browse census records and more online at Ancestry.com
- FamilySearch.org - Family History and Genealogy Records
Search for family ancestors. Billions of free family tree, family history, ancestry, genealogy and census records.
- Genetic Testing for Health, Disease & Ancestry; DNA Test - 23andMe
23andMe provides genetic testing for over 100 traits and diseases as well as DNA ancestry. Our mission is to be the world's trusted source of personal genetic information.
- Human Genome Project Information
The main homepage for Human Genome Project information --what the project is; its progress, history, and goals; what issues are associated with genome research; frequently asked questions, the science behind the project; who its sponsors are.
- Human Genome Research: Decoding DNA
The Department of Energy is a major player in decoding DNA through its Human Genome Program (HGP). The human genome is the full complement of genetic material in a human cell and DOE researchers have decoded many chromosomes.