ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Why Interactive Whiteboards Were a Terrible Idea

Updated on January 16, 2019

Why Interactive Whiteboards Were a Terrible Idea

Quick! Name 3 technologies commonly used in education. You probably came up with: computer (for teacher and student use), iPads, and interactive whiteboards. Some of you may have said TV/DVD player as well or something else.


While computers and iPads (which are really just computers too) have impacted education, the interactive whiteboard (IWB) has not. The story of the IWB is a cautionary tale about the adoption of technology in education.


The Rise of the IWB

Around the time I was in college (late 90s, early 00s), IWBs began showing up in university classrooms. Usually, they appeared in physics, chemistry, or other science/math classrooms. The assumption was that a more technically minded field would use technology more than a liberal arts field (a wrong assumption). At that time, IWBs did not proliferate. They were still in just a limited number of college classrooms and were used sparingly. In five years, that changed dramatically.


Ten years ago, K-12 institutions began adopting IWBs in their classrooms, largely as a result of seeing the devices in colleges and being sold them by education companies. Millions of dollars were spent by school districts across the country installing IWBs in every classroom. In fact, districts are still buying and installing these devices and teachers still request them. But, the IWB was a terrible idea and has become a money pit for districts who still insist on buying and installing them.


Learning Benefits (or lack thereof)

So, why were IWBs adopted so widely? The companies selling the devices promised that IWBs would improve student engagement, improve student learning, and lead to increased test scores (always promised with every educational advancement). But, here is what IWBs actually provided:


1. Reinforcement of a teacher-centered classroom


Because they force students to receive information mainly through the teacher, IWBs reinforce in students the idea that the teacher is the source of all information. The students are the passive receptors.


2. Reduced interactivity


Districts were told that students will love coming to the IWB to complete math problems in front of the class. However, students enjoyed this no more than they did coming to the chalkboard to solve math problems. The addition of Flash games to the whiteboards were even less interactive and fun than common games that teachers would play such as Trashket Ball.


3. A drain on technology resources that led to reduced funding for viable technologies


IWBs were/are the biggest drain on classroom technology budgets. They are more expensive than computers, can do less, and cost more to maintain. A IWB requires the board itself, a projector, and a computer. The boards at the cheapest are $1000, the projectors $500, and the computer varies but let's assume $800. So, the total cost is $2300. Don't forget that projector bulbs die frequently and cost hundreds of dollars to replace and that the whiteboard software requires an ongoing license fee. For the cost of one IWB, a classroom could be outfitted with a small Chromebook cart!


4. A closed ecosystem


Almost every IWB manufacturer has their own software to create lessons that run on the board. Almost none of the software is cross-platform compatible. Additionally, the software usually prohibits any export into a universal format such as pdf. There is an open-source IWB software called Open Sankore, but it is buggy at best.


Common Defenses for IWBs

Here are some common defenses I hear for IWBs along with responses.


1. "I can record what I am doing and my students can review it later"


Why are you recording what you are doing in front of the class? This reinforces the teacher-centered classroom. You should be leading students to discover how to do it on their own and then letting them practice.


2. "It is interactive. My students love it!"


On what are you basing this assertion? Have you surveyed your students to see if they love it. Or, are you basing it on the one student who volunteers for everything?


3. "Everyone in the class can see the video/student work/etc."


Are there not other ways of providing this to students that don't cost $2300? Does a TV/projector not show video? Can you not photocopy student work? Can't students create their work on a cloud platform and then share with each other?


A Final Word

My main issue with IWBs is the amount of resources they have consumed without any demonstrated benefit. There are a wealth of technologies that exist that can impact a student's learning and for much less cost.


Chromebooks (which encourage collaboration to create finished projects) are cheaper. Simple tablets are cheaper and allow students to access content, create content, collaborate, and share it.


If school districts had invested the dollars spent on IWBs on meaningful technologies, students would have been much better served. Districts need to thoroughly evaluate the adoption of technologies in terms of student learning. It is amazing that, in many school systems, that one factor is far behind almost every other.


I guess if I could sum it up in a sentence: Make learning about the students, not the teacher!


© 2019 Calter Moore

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)