ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Why Juveniles Commit Crimes in The Outsiders

Updated on January 31, 2015
The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton
The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton | Source

The Outsiders

Everybody has heard of The Outsiders. Whether you were forced to read it in school or saw the popular 1983 film, the rivalry between Socs and Greasers has lasted for ages. However, The Outsiders isn't just a fun book. It contains darker themes, and it explores why teens might commit serious crimes, some of which are listed below.

Dally Winston, from the 1983 The Outsiders film.
Dally Winston, from the 1983 The Outsiders film. | Source

Dally Winston

In The Outsiders, Ponyboy's life is filled with lawbreakers and felons. While most of them are good people, it is undeniable that they have all committed serious crimes for various reasons. One example of this is found in Dallas Winston. Dally was from the rough streets of New York, and he was first arrested at the age of ten. In the book, Dally states that he doesn't care about his parents; this hints that he probably had trouble at home, providing the impetus for his first breaking of the law. That experience at a tender age hardened him, and he stopped caring about arrests and trouble afterwards. After sinking into the lawless world of convicts, Dally also needed to seem tough in order to maintain his reputation. A soft, kind person would not survive in the street environment. Each law broken meant higher esteem, and higher esteem meant a better chance of survival.

Johnny Cade, played by Ralph Macchio.
Johnny Cade, played by Ralph Macchio. | Source

Johnny Cade

Just like how Dally became a hoodlum for survival, Johnny's crime also had to do with his will to live. Much like Dally, Johnny grew up in a troubled household. His father beat him, and his mother would yell at him. While this treatment numbed Dally, Johnny became fearful and nervous. This skittishness was increased by his beating from the Socs. When his attackers found him again and set about drowning his friend, Johnny acted for survival. He scared off the assailant by killing the person he feared most: Bob.

Bob Sheldon

Bob, before his death, was another example of the crimes that teens commit. His parents never taught him the regulations of life; instead, he was left free to go on a lawbreaking rampage around the city, mugging and jumping Greasers. Rather than punish their son for his recalcitrant behavior, they believed that it was their own fault. If Bob's family had held a tighter leash on his actions, he may have lived a long, respectful life. Instead, the beatings he handed out came back around and left him lying lifeless on cold ground.

Shared Vices

While not all Socs and Greasers come to an end like to Bob's, they do have at least one vice in common: both social groups have a tendency towards cigarettes and alcohol. Throughout the novel, Ponyboy repeatedly mentions that he would like a cigarette, despite his youth. Many of his friends, such as Two-Bit, also talk about their plans to become drunk for the night. In the case of the Socs, Bob and Randy were both drunk in the hours leading to Bob's murder. In an intoxicated state, the boys would not be capable of rational thoughts. This would inevitably lead to drunken fights and petty, unplanned crimes.

Many juveniles grow up in circumstances similar to those found in The Outsiders.
Many juveniles grow up in circumstances similar to those found in The Outsiders. | Source

Which was better: the book or the movie?

See results

The Outsiders in the Real World

Criminal impulses are not limited to books. Many real life statistics, pulled from ACS Distance Education, concur with the motivations above. The website says that 64% of serious offenders were involved with delinquent friends or acquaintances. Of persistent offenders, 47% had poor parental supervision. These facts could be compared to the Greasers, where the majority of the people are some kind of thug, hoodlum, or convict. Also, Socs like Bob would fall under the poor parental supervision category.

A child's position in their family is a contributing factor to their criminal tendencies as well, according to Joseph A. Wickliffe. It is their family that “exerts the most influence on a human being. Any severe disturbance in one or both parents can produce a devastating negative impact on a juvenile” (Joseph A Wickliffe, 1). Children who grow up in broken homes, where at least one parent has a disturbance in their life, have a higher chance of becoming juvenile delinquents. Dally is a fine specimen of this situation's results. He became hard and bitter in order to protect himself from the hurt of his family and the world.

In addition to family situations, Novelguide shows that poverty also has a heavy impact on a teen's possible crime future. Most Greasers are poor, and that must turn them resentful and vitriolic. In the book, Ponyboy has a segment where he bemoans the unfairness of life. One of his complaints is that poverty falls on his loved ones, forcing them to give up their dreams of education and a better career. A teen could easily become caustic in a position this hard, and they would most likely lead a life of crime.

Who was your favorite character from The Outsiders?

See results

Resources

Hinton, S. E. The Outsiders,. New York: Viking, 1967. Print.


"Reasons for Juvenile Crime." Novelguide. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.


"Why Do Youths Commit Crime, Teenage Crime Risk Factors." Why Do Youths Commit Crime, Teenage Crime Risk Factors. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.


Wickliffe, Joseph A. "00.02.07: Why Juveniles Commit Crimes." 00.02.07: Why Juveniles Commit Crimes. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)